ERIC Number: EJ1070883
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Psychosocial and Adaptive Deficits Associated with Learning Disability Subtypes
Backenson, Erica M.; Holland, Sara C.; Kubas, Hanna A.; Fitzer, Kim R.; Wilcox, Gabrielle; Carmichael, Jessica A.; Fraccaro, Rebecca L.; Smith, Amanda D.; Macoun, Sarah J.; Harrison, Gina L.; Hale, James B.
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v48 n5 p511-522 Sep-Oct 2015
Children with specific learning disabilities (SLD) have deficits in the basic psychological processes that interfere with learning and academic achievement, and for some SLD subtypes, these deficits can also lead to emotional and/or behavior problems. This study examined psychosocial functioning in 123 students, aged 6 to 11, who underwent comprehensive evaluations for learning and/or behavior problems in two Pacific Northwest school districts. Using concordance-discordance model (C-DM) processing strengths and weaknesses SLD identification criteria, results revealed working memory SLD (n = 20), processing speed SLD (n = 30), executive SLD (n = 32), and no disability groups (n = 41). Of the SLD subtypes, repeated measures MANOVA results revealed the processing speed SLD subtype exhibited the greatest psychosocial and adaptive impairment according to teacher behavior ratings. Findings suggest processing speed deficits may be behind the cognitive and psychosocial disturbances found in what has been termed "nonverbal" SLD. Limitations, implications, and future research needs are addressed.
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Psychological Patterns, Social Development, Children, Preadolescents, Behavior Problems, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes, Executive Function, Comparative Analysis, Adjustment (to Environment), Student Behavior, Neurological Impairments, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Student Records, Statistical Analysis, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Individual Characteristics, Multivariate Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement