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ERIC Number: EJ938685
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9630
Two-Year Diagnostic Stability in Early-Onset First-Episode Psychosis
Castro-Fornieles, Josefina; Baeza, Immaculada; de la Serna, Elena; Gonzalez-Pinto, Ana; Parellada, Mara; Graell, Montserrat; Moreno, Dolores; Otero, Soraya; Arango, Celso
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v52 n10 p1089-1098 Oct 2011
Background: Only one study has used a prospective method to analyze the diagnostic stability of first psychotic episodes in children and adolescents. The Child and Adolescent First-Episode Psychosis Study (CAFEPS) is a 2-year, prospective longitudinal study of early-onset first episodes of psychosis (EO-FEP). Aim: To describe diagnostic stability and the variables related to diagnostic changes. Methods: Participants were 83 patients (aged 9-17 years) with an EO-FEP consecutively attended. They were assessed with a structured interview (Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia, Present and Lifetime version) and clinical scales at baseline and after 2 years. Results: The global consistency for all diagnoses was 63.9%. The small group of bipolar disorder had high stability (92.31%) as did the group with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (90.00%). Depressive disorder had lower stability (37.50%) and the lowest values were for psychotic disorder not otherwise specified (11.76%) and brief psychotic disorder (0%).The most frequent diagnostic shift was to schizophrenia spectrum and bipolar disorders. One group of patients did not meet the criteria for any diagnosis at follow-up. Independent predictors of change to schizophrenia spectrum disorders were lower scores on the Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. Predictors of not having a diagnosis at follow-up were the CGAS and the Strauss-Carpenter Outcome Scale. Conclusions: Global diagnostic stability was 63.9%. Bipolar and schizophrenia spectrum disorders were the most stable diagnoses, while depressive disorder and other psychosis the least stable. Psychosocial functioning at baseline was a good predictor of diagnosis at follow-up. These data show the need for longitudinal follow-up in EO-FEP before a stable diagnosis is reached.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression