ERIC Number: EJ882585
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Self-Concept, Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement: Strategies for Maintaining Self-Esteem in Students Experiencing Academic Failure
Peixoto, Francisco; Almeida, Leandro S.
European Journal of Psychology of Education, v25 n2 p157-175 Jun 2010
Previous research into the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement shows that despite differences in academic self-evaluation, students' global self-representations do not differ as a result of their grades at school. In this study, we will analyse the strategies that underachievers used to maintain their self-esteem at an acceptable level. The participants were 955 adolescents in the 7th, 9th and 11th grades at four secondary schools in Lisbon. Three hundred fifty-two of these students had retaken a year at least once in their school careers, whilst 603 had never done so. We collected the data using both a self-concept scale and a scale for evaluating attitudes towards school. Results show that self-esteem is maintained through positive self-representations in non-academic facets of self-concept and/or by devaluing school-related competences. They also show that younger students are less likely to maintain self-esteem by devaluing the school experience.
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Academic Achievement, Self Concept Measures, Measures (Individuals), Educational Experience, Self Esteem, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Portugal (Lisbon)