NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
What Works Clearinghouse Rating
Showing 91 to 105 of 996 results Save | Export
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
DeScioli, Peter; Kurzban, Robert – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
We propose that moral condemnation functions to guide bystanders to choose the same side as other bystanders in disputes. Humans interact in dense social networks, and this poses a problem for bystanders when conflicts arise: which side, if any, to support. Choosing sides is a difficult strategic problem because the outcome of a conflict…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Moral Development, Ethics, Social Networks
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Lillard, Angeline S.; Lerner, Matthew D.; Hopkins, Emily J.; Dore, Rebecca A.; Smith, Eric D.; Palmquist, Carolyn M. – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
Pretend play has been claimed to be crucial to children's healthy development. Here we examine evidence for this position versus 2 alternatives: Pretend play is 1 of many routes to positive developments (equifinality), and pretend play is an epiphenomenon of other factors that drive development. Evidence from several domains is considered. For…
Descriptors: Evidence, Teaching Methods, Play, Child Development
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Hughes, Gethin; Desantis, Andrea; Waszak, Florian – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
Sensory processing of action effects has been shown to differ from that of externally triggered stimuli, with respect both to the perceived timing of their occurrence (intentional binding) and to their intensity (sensory attenuation). These phenomena are normally attributed to forward action models, such that when action prediction is consistent…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Time, Perception, Prediction
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Occelli, Valeria; Spence, Charles; Zampini, Massimiliano – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
We highlight the results of those studies that have investigated the plastic reorganization processes that occur within the human brain as a consequence of visual deprivation, as well as how these processes give rise to behaviorally observable changes in the perceptual processing of auditory and tactile information. We review the evidence showing…
Descriptors: Blindness, Vision, Information Processing, Spatial Ability
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Sowislo, Julia Friederike; Orth, Ulrich – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
Low self-esteem and depression are strongly related, but there is not yet consistent evidence on the nature of the relation. Whereas the vulnerability model states that low self-esteem contributes to depression, the scar model states that depression erodes self-esteem. Furthermore, it is unknown whether the models are specific for depression or…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Anxiety, Depression (Psychology), Self Esteem
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Rouder, Jeffrey N.; Morey, Richard D.; Province, Jordan M. – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
Psi phenomena, such as mental telepathy, precognition, and clairvoyance, have garnered much recent attention. We reassess the evidence for psi effects from Storm, Tressoldi, and Di Risio's (2010) meta-analysis. Our analysis differs from Storm et al.'s in that we rely on Bayes factors, a Bayesian approach for stating the evidence from data for…
Descriptors: Evidence, Bayesian Statistics, Meta Analysis, Cognitive Ability
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Weisberg, Deena Skolnick; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
Lillard et al. (2013) concluded that pretend play is not causally related to child outcomes and charged that the field is subject to a "play ethos", whereby research is tainted by a bias to find positive effects of play on child development. In this commentary, we embrace their call for a more solidly scientific approach to questions in this…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Play, Child Development, Academic Achievement
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Walker, Caren M.; Gopnik, Alison – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
The review by Lillard et al. (2013) highlighted the need for additional research to better clarify the nature of the relationship between pretend play and development. However, the authors did not provide a proposal for how to structure the direction of this future work. Here, we provide a possible framework for generating additional research.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Teaching Methods, Play, Research Needs
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Lillard, Angeline S.; Hopkins, Emily J.; Dore, Rebecca A.; Palmquist, Carolyn M.; Lerner, Matthew D.; Smith, Eric D. – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
We greatly appreciate the astute comments on Lillard et al. (2013) and the opportunity to reply. Here we point out the importance of keeping conceptual distinctions clear regarding play, pretend play, and exploration. We also discuss methodological issues with play research. We end with speculation that if pretend play did not emerge because it…
Descriptors: Young Children, Play, Imagination, Inquiry
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Bergen, Doris – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
Lillard et al. (2013) have done a thorough review of published pretend play research from the past 50 plus years. However, they did not thoroughly address the reasons why this body of research has such flaws as well as the contradictory or minimal findings that call into question strongly held views and published assertions regarding the…
Descriptors: Play, Young Children, Child Development, Research Methodology
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Snyder, Hannah R. – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
Cognitive impairments are now widely acknowledged as an important aspect of major depressive disorder (MDD), and it has been proposed that executive function (EF) may be particularly impaired in patients with MDD. However, the existence and nature of EF impairments associated with depression remain strongly debated. Although many studies have…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Executive Function, Patients, College Students
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Wrzus, Cornelia; Hanel, Martha; Wagner, Jenny; Neyer, Franz J. – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
For researchers and practitioners interested in social relationships, the question remains as to how large social networks typically are, and how their size and composition change across adulthood. On the basis of predictions of socioemotional selectivity theory and social convoy theory, we conducted a meta-analysis on age-related social network…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Longitudinal Studies, Friendship, Social Networks
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Archer, John – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
The article's aim is to evaluate the application of the evolutionary principles of kin selection, reproductive value, and resource holding power to the understanding of family violence. The principles are described in relation to specific predictions and the mechanisms underlying these. Predictions are evaluated for physical violence perpetrated…
Descriptors: Family Violence, Siblings, Prediction, Parent Child Relationship
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Eby, Lillian Turner de Tormes; Allen, Tammy D.; Hoffman, Brian J.; Baranik, Lisa E.; Sauer, Julia B.; Baldwin, Sean; Morrison, M. Ashley; Kinkade, Katie M.; Maher, Charleen P.; Curtis, Sara; Evans, Sarah C. – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
This meta-analysis summarized youth, academic, and workplace research on the potential antecedents (demographics, human capital, and relationship attributes), correlates (interaction frequency, relationship length, performance, motivation, and social capital), and consequences (attitudinal, behavioral, career-related, and health-related outcomes)…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Meta Analysis, Mentors, Human Capital
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Augustine, Adam A.; Hemenover, Scott H. – Psychological Bulletin, 2013
In their examination of the effectiveness of affect regulation strategies, Webb, Miles, and Sheeran (2012) offered the results of a broad meta-analysis of studies on regulatory interventions. Their analysis provides an alternative to our earlier, more focused meta-analysis of the affect regulation literature (Augustine & Hemenover, 2009).…
Descriptors: Self Control, Accuracy, Generalizability Theory, Meta Analysis
Pages: 1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  ...  |  67