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Joshi, Gagan; Faraone, Stephen V.; Wozniak, Janet; Petty, Carter; Fried, Ronna; Galdo, Maribel; Furtak, Stephannie L.; McDermott, Katie; Epstien, Cecily; Walker, Rosemary; Caron, Ashley; Feinberg, Leah; Biederman, Joseph – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
To examine whether presentation of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and associated patterns of psychiatric comorbidity and dysfunction vary by referral source. ASD youth referred to a specialized ambulatory program for ASD (N = 143) were compared to ASD youth referred to a general child psychiatry clinic (N = 217). More ASD clinic youth met criteria…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Comorbidity, Youth
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Marrus, Natasha; Veenstra-VanderWeele, Jeremy; Hellings, Jessica A.; Stigler, Kimberly A.; Szymanski, Ludwik; King, Bryan H.; Carlisle, L. Lee; Cook, Edwin H., Jr.; Pruett, John R., Jr. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2014
Patients with autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disability can be clinically complex and often have limited access to psychiatric care. Because little is known about post-graduate clinical education in autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability, we surveyed training directors of child and adolescent psychiatry fellowship…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Mental Retardation, Psychiatry
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Pedersen, Kahsi A.; Santangelo, Susan L.; Gabriels, Robin L.; Righi, Giulia; Erard, Michael; Siegel, Matthew – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Psychiatric hospitalization of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is relatively common and occurs at a higher rate than in non-ASD youth. This study compared changes in the severity of serious problem behaviors in 350 youth with ASD enrolled in the autism inpatient collection during and after hospitalization in six specialized child…
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Mental Disorders, Children, Autism
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Mundy, Peter; Novotny, Stephanie; Swain-Lerro, Lindsey; McIntyre, Nancy; Zajic, Matt; Oswald, Tasha – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The validity of joint attention assessment in school-aged children with ASD is unclear (Lord, Jones, "Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry" 53(5):490-509, 2012). This study examined the feasibility and validity of a parent-report measure of joint attention related behaviors in verbal children and adolescents with ASD. Fifty-two…
Descriptors: Attention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Evaluation Methods
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van Schalkwyk, Gerrit I.; Volkmar, Fred R.; Corlett, Philip R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The co-occurrence of psychotic and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms represents an important clinical challenge. Here we consider this problem in the context of a computational psychiatry approach that has been applied to both conditions--predictive coding. Some symptoms of schizophrenia have been explained in terms of a failure of top-down…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Coding
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Schiltz, Hillary; McIntyre, Nancy; Swain-Lerro, Lindsay; Zajic, Matthew; Mundy, Peter – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at risk for anxiety symptoms. Few anxiety measures are validated for individuals with ASD, and the nature of ASD raises questions about reliability of self-reported anxiety. This study examined longitudinal stability and change of self-reported anxiety in higher functioning youth with ASD (HFASD)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Anxiety, At Risk Persons
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Siegel, Matthew; Milligan, Briana; Chemelski, Bruce; Payne, David; Ellsworth, Beth; Harmon, Jamie; Teer, Olivia; Smith, Kahsi A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Psychiatric hospitalization of children with autism spectrum disorder and/or intellectual disability is common, however, the effectiveness of this intervention is largely unknown. Thirty-eight clinically-referred children 8-19 years old admitted to a specialized inpatient psychiatry unit were assessed by a consistent caregiver on the Aberrant…
Descriptors: Children, Hospitalized Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Skovlund, Henrik – Theory and Research in Education, 2019
Children with psychiatric diagnoses such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder/attention-deficit disorder and autism spectrum disorder have often been the topic of heated debate between those who favour the view that the global increase in children who receive these diagnoses is the result of pathologizing and stigmatizing discourses and…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Kaldy, Zsuzsa; Giserman, Ivy; Carter, Alice S.; Blaser, Erik – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
A number of studies have demonstrated that individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are faster or more successful than typically developing control participants at various visual-attentional tasks (for reviews, see Dakin and Frith in "Neuron" 48:497-507, 2005; Simmons et al. in "Vis Res" 49:2705-2739, 2009). This…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Perception, Attention
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Siegel, Matthew; Doyle, Kathleen; Chemelski, Bruce; Payne, David; Ellsworth, Beth; Harmon, Jamie; Robbins, Douglas; Milligan, Briana; Lubetsky, Martin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
A cross sectional survey was performed to obtain the characteristics of specialized inpatient psychiatry units exclusively serving children with autism and other developmental disorders in the United States. Identified units were surveyed on basic demographic characteristics, clinical challenges and therapeutic modalities. Average length of stay…
Descriptors: Autism, Psychiatry, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Liu, Guodong; Pearl, Amanda M.; Kong, Lan; Leslie, Douglas L.; Murray, Michael J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
There has been an increase in utilization of the Emergency Department (ED) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) which may reflect a deficit of services (Green et al., "Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" 40(3):325-332, 2001; Gurney et al., "Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent…
Descriptors: Emergency Programs, Departments, Medical Services, Autism
Mundy, Peter; Novotny, Stephanie; Swain-Lerro, Lindsey; McIntyre, Nancy; Zajic, Matt; Oswald, Tasha – Grantee Submission, 2017
The validity of joint attention assessment in school-aged children with ASD is unclear (Lord, Jones, "Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry" 53(5):490-509, 2012). This study examined the feasibility and validity of a parent-report measure of joint attention related behaviors in verbal children and adolescents with ASD. Fifty-two…
Descriptors: Attention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Evaluation Methods
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Early, Maureen C.; Erickson, Craig A.; Wink, Logan K.; McDougle, Christopher J.; Scott, Eric L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
This paper highlights clinical challenges faced when diagnosing and then treating an individual presenting to a child and adolescent psychiatry clinic because of unwelcome comments he made to female peers about their feet. Novel use of exposure therapy helped him effectively decrease his comments from 1 to 2 times per month to once every 6 months.…
Descriptors: Sexual Harassment, Psychiatry, Males, Adolescents
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Griffith, Gemma M.; Hastings, Richard P.; Petalas, Michael A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Debate is ongoing about whether typically developing siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at greater risk of behavioral or emotional problems than siblings of children without ASD. Most data on behavior is provided by mothers, and we do not know whether fathers' reports differ. The strengths and difficulties questionnaire…
Descriptors: Mother Attitudes, Father Attitudes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Pantelis, Peter C.; Kennedy, Daniel P. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
Two-phase designs in epidemiological studies of autism prevalence introduce methodological complications that can severely limit the precision of resulting estimates. If the assumptions used to derive the prevalence estimate are invalid or if the uncertainty surrounding these assumptions is not properly accounted for in the statistical inference…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Incidence
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