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Journal of Child Psychology…1398
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Hodapp, Robert M.; Dykens, Elisabeth M. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
We begin this article by examining the role of intellectual disabilities within child psychiatry, highlighting the relatively steady role of disabilities and the recent movement to examine behavior in specific genetic syndromes. We next propose five questions for future work. Questions relate to (1) specifying the nature of gene-brain-behavior…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Psychiatry, Children, Age Differences
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Gadow, Kenneth D.; Kaat, Aaron J.; Lecavalier, Luc – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Objective: To examine the relation of caregiver ratings of psychiatric symptom-induced impairment with number and severity of symptoms and informant agreement in consecutive child psychiatry outpatient referrals. Methods: Parents and teachers completed a broadband "DSM-IV"-referenced rating scale with disorder-specific impairment for 636…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Mental Disorders, Psychiatry, Severity (of Disability)
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Winham, Stacey J.; Biernacka, Joanna M. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Complex psychiatric traits have long been thought to be the result of a combination of genetic and environmental factors, and gene-environment interactions are thought to play a crucial role in behavioral phenotypes and the susceptibility and progression of psychiatric disorders. Candidate gene studies to investigate hypothesized…
Descriptors: Genetics, Research Methodology, Scientific Research, Environmental Influences
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Wolock, Samuel L.; Yates, Andrew; Petrill, Stephen A.; Bohland, Jason W.; Blair, Clancy; Li, Ning; Machiraju, Raghu; Huang, Kun; Bartlett, Christopher W. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Numerous studies have examined gene × environment interactions (G × E) in cognitive and behavioral domains. However, these studies have been limited in that they have not been able to directly assess differential patterns of gene expression in the human brain. Here, we assessed G × E interactions using two publically available datasets…
Descriptors: Genetics, Smoking, Regression (Statistics), Brain
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Rutter, Michael – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
The conceptual issues are briefly noted with respect to the distinctions between classification and diagnosis; the question of whether mental disorders can be considered to be "diseases"; and whether descriptive psychiatry is outmoded. The criteria for diagnosis are reviewed, with the conclusion that, at present, there are far too many diagnoses,…
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Psychiatry, Clinical Diagnosis, Classification
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Keenan, Kate; Boeldt, Debra; Chen, Diane; Coyne, Claire; Donald, Radiah; Duax, Jeanne; Hart, Katherine; Perrott, Jennifer; Strickland, Jennifer; Danis, Barbara; Hill, Carri; Davis, Shante; Kampani, Smita; Humphries, Marisha – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: Diagnostic validity of oppositional defiant and conduct disorders (ODD and CD) for preschoolers has been questioned based on concerns regarding the ability to differentiate normative, transient disruptive behavior from clinical symptoms. Data on concurrent validity have accumulated, but predictive validity is limited. Predictive…
Descriptors: Evidence, Predictive Validity, Behavior Disorders, Psychiatry
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Rothenberger, Aribert – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
For decades neurophysiology has successfully contributed to research and clinical care in child psychiatry. Recently, methodological progress has led to a revival of interest in brain oscillations (i.e., a band of periodic neuronal frequencies with a wave-duration from milliseconds to several seconds which may code and decode information). These…
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Infants, Brain, Cognitive Processes
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March, John S. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Objective: Given striking advances in translational developmental neuroscience and its convergence with developmental psychopathology and developmental epidemiology, it is now clear that mental illnesses are best thought of as neurodevelopmental disorders. This simple fact has enormous implications for the nature and organization of psychotherapy…
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Psychopathology, Epidemiology, Adolescents
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Reiss, Allan L. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Background: Significant advances in understanding brain development and behavior have not been accompanied by revisions of traditional academic structure. Disciplinary isolation and a lack of meaningful interdisciplinary opportunities are persistent barriers in academic medicine. To enhance clinical practice, research, and training for the next…
Descriptors: Models, Autism, Interdisciplinary Approach, Psychiatry
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Plomin, Robert; Davis, Oliver S. P. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Background: Much of what we thought we knew about genetics needs to be modified in light of recent discoveries. What are the implications of these advances for identifying genes responsible for the high heritability of many behavioural disorders and dimensions in childhood? Methods: Although quantitative genetics such as twin studies will continue…
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Prediction, Genetics, Child Psychology
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Angold, Adrian; Costello, E. Jane – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
The last 50 years have witnessed enormous strides in the measurement and classification of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders. Debates about whether we should continue to depend upon a categorical nosology still continue, but we argue that, despite the absence of clear dividing lines between psychiatric disorders and normality and ubiquity…
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Clinical Diagnosis, Psychopathology, Classification
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Galanter, Cathryn A.; Patel, Vimla L. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2005
Physicians, including child and adolescent psychiatrists, show variability and inaccuracies in diagnosis and treatment of their patients and do not routinely implement evidenced-based medical and psychiatric treatments in the community. We believe that it is necessary to characterize the decision-making processes of child and adolescent…
Descriptors: Psychologists, Physicians, Therapy, Psychiatry
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Green, Jonathan; Jacobs, Brian; Beecham, Jennifer; Dunn, Graham; Kroll, Leo; Tobias, Catherine; Briskman, Jackie – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2007
Background: Inpatient treatment is a complex intervention for the most serious mental health disorders in child and adolescent psychiatry. This is the first large-scale study into its effectiveness and costs. Previous studies have been criticised for methodological weaknesses. Methods: A prospective cohort study, including economic evaluation,…
Descriptors: Health Needs, Needs Assessment, Mental Health, Psychiatry
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Graham, Philip – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 1974
Critically reviews the present status of child psychiatry and psychotherapy, discussing different approaches that are in use, and calling for a therapy that combines many methods of optimal success. (DP)
Descriptors: Emotional Disturbances, Handicapped Children, Intervention, Psychopathology
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Plomin, Robert – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2005
Background: The seven papers in this special section chart where we are in the quest for quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in key areas of child psychology and psychiatry such as reading and hyperactivity. But we are not there yet. Methods: This commentary considers some new developments that are likely to accelerate the journey towards the…
Descriptors: Hyperactivity, Psychiatry, Child Psychology, Identification (Psychology)
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