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Agras, W. Stewart – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
The relationship between three behavior therapies and the experimental behavioral sciences is examined. It is concluded that behavior therapy is one of the few media within which the relevance of the experimental behavioral sciences to clinical medicine can be demonstrated. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Behavior Patterns, Behavioral Sciences, Desensitization
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Serber, Michael; Nelson, Philip – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
Desensitization or assertive training or both were applied to hospitalized schizophrenics who displayed phobias, lack of interpersonal assertiveness, or both. In none of the patients did desensitization produce any reduction of avoidance of the feared object. The assertive training produces minimal improvement in two patients. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Problems, Desensitization
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Katz, Ronald – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
A young man with a long history of social withdrawal and lack of initiative was treated on behavioristic principles after the therapist had established a highly sympathetic relationship. Graduated tasks were suggested and assertive behavior was modeled and gently instigated. Within 6 weeks increase in motivation and level of activity was achieved.…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Behavior Change, Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems
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Mahoney, Michael J. – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
Sequential treatment involving systematic desensitization and relaxation, symbolic (film), live, and participant modeling were employed in the successful alleviation of a severe snake phobia. Implications are discussed regarding the utility of programs attuned to the needs of individual patients. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems, Behavioral Objectives
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Kubany, Edward S.; And Others – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
Adaptations of token reinforcement and time out from reinforcement were used for reducing the highly disruptive classroom behavior of a first grade boy. High and low rates of disruptive behavior were paralleled by changes in tardiness from recess behavior thus indicating generalization of conditioning. (Author/CG)
Descriptors: Antisocial Behavior, Behavior Change, Intervention, Positive Reinforcement
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Gershman, Louis; Stedman, James M. – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
In a case of claustrophobia and in another with fears of flying, Japanese defense activities of the Karate type proved to be effective counter conditioners of anxiety. They were used in the former case in vivo and in the later case both in imagination and in vivo. (Author)
Descriptors: Anxiety, Behavior Change, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Problems
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Wolpe, Joseph – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
A woman who had from childhood suffered from neurotic anxieties of an interpersonal kind had for 10 years been plagued with insistent and fruitless negative thoughts about herself. This transcript deals mainly with her objections to the technique of thought stopping and the efforts that were made to overcome them. (Author)
Descriptors: Anxiety, Behavior Change, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Theories
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Yamagami, Toshiko – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
Four variations of the thought stopping technique were applied to a color naming obsession. After 17 treatment sessions the frequency of this obsession had decreased by 95 percent, and a month later it was entirely absent. It did not recur in the course of a seven month followup period. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Patterns, Cognitive Processes, Methods
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Myers, James J., Jr.; Deibert, Alvin N. – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
An 11 year old Blind, Retarded male, was treated for self abusive behavior by creating a feeding response incompatible with it. When head beating had been eliminated at feeding time, additional techniques, involving rewards, were used to extend its elimination beyond the eating situation. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Problems, Blindness
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Yoell, William; And Others – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
The participants in this discussion agreed, in general, that the therapist does have the responsibility of guiding the patient towards the decisions that he believes to be most beneficial even if they imply important life decisions or are contrary to the mores of society. (Author/CG)
Descriptors: Counseling Objectives, Ethics, Family Counseling, Interpersonal Relationship
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Shean, Glenn D.; Zeidberg, Zeena – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
A token economy program established for psychiatric patients compared them to a control group on ward behavior, rating scales, participation in instrumental role activities, self care behavior and extra hospital visits. Results indicated improvement on ward behavior rating scales and greater participation in instrumental role activities for…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Problems, Behavior Rating Scales, Mental Disorders
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Upper, Dennis; Newton, Judith G. – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
Overweight patients on a token economy psychiatric ward were reinforced with tokens, off ward privileges and social approval for meeting a weight loss criterion of three pounds per week. The progress of two subjects, both chronic paranoid schizophrenics, is described. The procedure appears to be effective. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Case Studies, Eating Habits, Health
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Bartlett, Donald; And Others – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
This study reports the procedures used to reduce the relative frequency of psychotic speech in an autistic child, and to produce verbal behavior appropriate for more conventional psychotherapeutic intervention. The results indicated that the subject's verbal behavior was clearly controlled by the token reinforcement schedule used. (Author)
Descriptors: Autism, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Problems, Handicapped Children
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Balson, Paul M. – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
In the case of a man with an acute onset of stuttering and massive free floating anxiety following an automobile accident, a variety of behavioral techniques, including relaxation training, assertive training, graded rehearsal and modification of behavioral operants were employed, with the complete eradication of the symptoms in five sessions. The…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Behavior Change, Case Studies, Crisis Intervention
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Nawas, M. Mike – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1971
Descriptors: Anxiety, Behavior Change, Case Studies, Desensitization
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