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Wieland, J.; Wardenaar, K. J.; Fontein, E.; Zitman, F. G. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2012
Background: Diagnostics and care for people with intellectual disabilities (ID) and psychiatric disorders need to be improved. This can be done by using assessment instruments to routinely measure the nature and severity of psychiatric symptoms. Up until now, in the Netherlands, assessment measures are seldom used in the psychiatric care for this…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Mental Retardation, Mental Disorders, Validity
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Cornish, K.; Turk, J.; Hagerman, R. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2008
Fragile X syndrome is the world's most common hereditary cause of intellectual disability in men and to a lesser extent in women. The disorder is caused by the silencing of a single gene on the X chromosome, the Fragile X Mental Retardation Gene-1. A substantial body of research across the disciplines of molecular genetics, child psychiatry and…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Mental Retardation, Genetics, Intervention
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Taggart, L.; McMillan, R.; Lawson, A. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2010
Aim: There is a growing evidence of the physical and mental health inequalities in people with intellectual disability (ID) although less has been written concerning the mental health of women with ID (International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disabilities). This is compared with the substantive literature published within…
Descriptors: Family Violence, Females, Mental Retardation, Mental Disorders
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Mannynsalo, L.; Putkonen, H.; Lindberg, N.; Kotilainen, I. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2009
Background: Contrasting views exist over the association of intellectual disability (ID) and criminal offending. This nationwide study attempts to shed further light to expand understanding to substantiate the relation between socio-demographic characteristics, psychiatric co-morbidity and criminal behaviour among the Finnish forensic population…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Criminals, Foreign Countries, Alcohol Abuse
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Paton, C.; Flynn, A.; Shingleton-Smith, A.; McIntyre, S.; Bhaumik, S.; Rasmussen, J.; Hardy, S.; Barnes, T. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2011
Background: Antipsychotics are perceived to be over-used in the management of behavioural problems in people with an intellectual disability (ID). Published guidelines have set good practice standards for the use of these drugs for behavioural indications. We sought to identify the range of indications for which antipsychotic drugs are prescribed…
Descriptors: Standards, Severity (of Disability), Mental Retardation, Mental Disorders
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Bhaumik, S.; Tyrer, F. C.; McGrother, C.; Ganghadaran, S. K. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2008
Background: UK policies aim to facilitate access to general psychiatric services for adults with intellectual disability (ID). If this is to be achieved, it is important to have a clear idea of the characteristics and proportion of people with ID who currently access specialist psychiatric services and the nature and extent of psychiatric…
Descriptors: Psychiatric Services, Health Services, Gender Differences, Incidence
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Dosen, A. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2005
In generic psychiatry there has been increasing interest among scientists for the developmental perspective. However, professionals active in the mental health care of people with intellectual disability (ID) have not shown the same degree of interest. The author of this article, who has had a liberal amount of rewarding experiences with the…
Descriptors: Personality Development, Psychiatry, Psychopathology, Personality
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Smith, P.; Berney, T. P. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2006
Background: Inpatient beds for the psychiatric assessment and treatment of young people (under the age of 18 years) with intellectual disability have become scarce although there is pressure to redevelop them. In the UK, 63% of the NHS beds are at Prudhoe Hospital. This study examines their role and utility in relation to community services, both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mental Retardation, Case Studies, Children
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Raghavan, R.; Marshall, M.; Lockwood, A.; Duggan, L. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2004
People with learning disability (LD) experience a range of mental health problems. They are a complex population, whose needs are not well understood. This study focuses on the development of a systematic process of needs assessment for this population. The Cardinal Needs Schedule used in general psychiatry was adapted for people with learning…
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Needs Assessment, Mental Disorders, Interrater Reliability
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Haw, C.; Stubbs, J. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2005
Background: The term "off-label prescribing" refers to the use of a drug outside the terms of its Marketing Authorisation, including prescribing for an unlicensed indication. There have been few reports about off-label prescribing in psychiatry. The aims of the study were to determine the frequency of off-label prescribing of psychotropics for…
Descriptors: Psychiatric Hospitals, Psychiatry, Patients, Mental Disorders
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Shimoyama, M.; Iwasa, K.; Sonoyama, S. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: People with intellectual disabilities are more likely than people in the general population to experience life events associated with an increased risk of mental health problems. However, there has been little research in Japan on the prevalence of mental health problems in adults with intellectual disability (ID) or on associated…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Mental Disorders, At Risk Persons, Foreign Countries
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Biesmans, K. E.; Aken, L.; Frunt, E. M. J.; Wingberm├╝hle, P. A. M.; Egger, J. I. M. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2019
Background: Assessment of intelligence and executive function (EF) is common in complex neuropsychiatric practice. Although previous studies have shown that EF and intelligence are related, it is unknown whether these constructs relate to one another in a similar manner across different ability groups (mild intellectual disability, borderline…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Executive Function, Psychiatry, Correlation
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Grey, I.; Al-Saihati, B. A.; Al-Haddad, M.; McClean, B. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2015
Background: Relatively little information is available regarding the use of psychiatric services by individuals with intellectual disability (ID) in Arab countries. The current study aimed to identify (1) the reasons for referral; (2) demographic characteristics of individuals referred; (3) previous contact with child psychiatric services; (4)…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Psychiatry, Health Services, Referral
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Ryan, J.; Woodyatt, G.; Copeland, D. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2010
Background: Knowledge of discourse abilities of adults with intellectual disability (ID) and mental illness is limited. The present study examined the procedural discourse skills of two cohorts of adults with ID--one cohort with (n = 7) and one cohort without (n = 7) a psychiatric diagnosis of psychosis. Methods: Participants completed the "dice…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Schizophrenia, Mental Disorders, Identification
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Giltaij, H. P.; Sterkenburg, P. S.; Schuengel, C. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2015
Background: Children with intellectual disability (ID) are at risk for maladaptive development of social relatedness. Controversy exists whether Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) takes precedence over disordered attachment for describing maladaptive social behaviour. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of disordered attachment…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Children, Interpersonal Competence, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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