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Palmer, Geoffrey J.; Palmer, Ransford W.; Payne-Borden, Jacqueline – Journal of Counseling & Development, 2012
Counseling maintains a small yet growing presence in Jamaica as a profession. Practitioners are confronted with several societal problems. The authors provide a historical overview of Jamaica and a synopsis of the development of counseling. The emergence of counseling services through the limitations of psychiatry and psychology sets the stage for…
Descriptors: Counseling, Counseling Services, Negative Attitudes, Foreign Countries
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Schwartz, Robert C.; Feisthamel, Kevin P. – Journal of Counseling & Development, 2009
Research generated by the professions of psychiatry and psychology reveals that African Americans are more often diagnosed with specific mental disorders (e.g., psychotic disorders) compared with European Americans. No research to date, however, has investigated whether professional counselors make differential diagnoses according to client race.…
Descriptors: African Americans, Mental Disorders, Psychiatry, Counselors
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Day-Vines, Norma L. – Journal of Counseling & Development, 2007
Suicide rates have soared among African Americans within the past 2 decades. Curiously, this fact remains poorly understood within and outside the African American community. This article includes a review of M. Compton, N. Thompson, and N. Kaslow's (2005) study, recently published in "Social Psychiatry" and "Psychiatric Epidemiology", and…
Descriptors: Suicide, African Americans, Incidence, Counseling
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Schnall, Eliezer – Journal of Counseling & Development, 2006
The cultural diversity literature largely ignores the effects of religion, and especially Judaism, on counseling and psychotherapy. The author reviews the meager and mostly anecdotal accounts relating to Orthodox Jews in the literature of several related disciplines, including counseling, social work, psychology, and psychiatry. The objective is…
Descriptors: Cultural Pluralism, Judaism, Jews, Counseling
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Vogel, David L.; Wester, Stephen R.; Larson, Lisa M. – Journal of Counseling & Development, 2007
How do counselors reach out to individuals who are reluctant to seek counseling services? To answer this question, the authors examined the research on the psychological help-seeking barriers from counseling, clinical and social psychology, as well as social work and psychiatry. Specific avoidance factors that have been identified in the mental…
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Social Psychology, Social Work, Counseling Services
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Hansen, James T. – Journal of Counseling & Development, 2009
The construct of self-awareness is highly valued by the counseling profession. However, the foundational assumptions that support this construct have not been systemically examined and critiqued. The author provides an overview of self-awareness in light of humanistic, psychoanalytic, and postmodernist ideologies. The author concludes that the…
Descriptors: Ideology, Counseling Techniques, Counselors, Metacognition
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Douthit, Kathryn Z. – Journal of Counseling & Development, 2006
Research in psychiatric genetics shows that many mental disorders commonly seen by counselors are associated with the presence of specific genes. Although findings in gene research call for some changes in the way counselors approach intervention, in most cases, the importance of the counseling profession's core commitments is underscored. This…
Descriptors: Counseling, Psychiatry, Genetics, Mental Disorders
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Sells, James N.; Giordano, Francesca G.; Bokar, Laura; Klein, Jim; Sierra, Georgina Panting; Thume, Beverly – Journal of Counseling & Development, 2007
A team of researchers consisting of counselor education professors and doctoral-level counseling students conducted interviews with Honduran mental health professionals, including counselors, psychologists, pastors, community developmental specialists, and psychiatrists. The purpose was to understand the counseling process and profession that…
Descriptors: Psychologists, North Americans, Counselors, Poverty
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Genia, Vicky – Journal of Counseling & Development, 1994
Argues that efforts toward consciousness raising and fundamental changes in professional training programs are necessary for secular psychotherapists to become more empathic and competent in treating religiously committed clients. Offers recommendations for counselor educators and mental health service providers. Lists 16 related books and…
Descriptors: Counseling, Counselor Training, Psychiatry, Religious Factors
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Hansen, James T. – Journal of Counseling & Development, 2000
Critically reviews efforts at theoretical integration of psychoanalysis and humanism along the lines of F. Pine's (1990) four psychologies of psychoanalysis. Concludes that psychoanalysis and humanism have certain compatible features, but that they generally represent opposing vantage points in the study of subjectivity. Provides recommendations…
Descriptors: Counseling Psychology, Counseling Theories, Humanism, Psychiatry
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Meinecke, Christine E. – Journal of Counseling & Development, 1987
Interviews Jerome Frank, psychologist and psychiatrist, about his personal development, significant others, professional contributions, the psychotherapeutic professions, and his commitment to nuclear disarmament. (Author/ABB)
Descriptors: Individual Development, Interviews, Life Satisfaction, Professional Development
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Schauer, Andrew H. – Journal of Counseling & Development, 1986
Object-relations (O-R) theory expands traditional psychoanalytic thinking beyond psychiatric hospitals and patients. This approach focuses on emotional development that leads to normal or disturbed behavior. O.R. theory is presented here to acquaint counselors with its basic concepts, its practical applications, and its impact on current…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Emotional Development, Interviews
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Thurber, Steven; Hollingsworth, David K. – Journal of Counseling & Development, 1994
Because of recent developments in measurements, investigated possible covariation between hyperactivity and cerebral deficits in adolescent psychiatric inpatients. Used several different measures on 45 patients (32 boys, 13 girls). The limited amount of covariation found suggests that neuropsychological deficits may be a diffuse problem that…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Disorders, Cognitive Processes, Emotional Disturbances
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Taylor, Elizabeth R.; And Others – Journal of Counseling & Development, 1996
Many women of low socioeconomic status who have contracted HIV qualify for individual, dual, and multiple psychiatric diagnoses that predate their knowledge of their HIV infection. Earlier intervention addressing these problems might have prevented the onset of psychiatric disorders as well as high-risk behaviors that lead to HIV infection. (FC)
Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, At Risk Persons, Counseling, Counseling Techniques