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Showing 1 to 15 of 300 results Save | Export
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Mermelshtine, Roni – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Scaffolding can be observed during learning-based interactions, when interventions by parents are adjusted according to children's observed abilities, with the main goal of enabling the child to work independently (Wood "et al.", 1976, "Journal of child psychology and psychiatry," 17, 89). Such contingent…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Interaction, Teaching Methods, Family Environment
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Thomson, Rebecca N.; Carlson, John S. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2017
Social-emotional skills are equally as crucial for school success as cognitive and academic skills (Webster-Stratton and Reid in "Infants and Young Children" 17:96-113, 2004), yet many young children lack these skills (Lavigne et al. in "Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" 35:204-214, 1996).…
Descriptors: Parent Education, Child Development, Preschool Children, Social Development
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Klahr, Ashlea M.; Rueter, Martha A.; McGue, Matt; Iacono, William G.; Burt, S. Alexandra – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2011
Prior studies have indicated that the relationship between parent-child conflict and adolescent antisocial behavior is at least partially shared environmental in origin. However, all available research on this topic (to our knowledge) relies exclusively on parent and/or adolescent informant-reports, both of which are subject to various forms of…
Descriptors: Antisocial Behavior, Conflict, Psychiatry, Psychopathology
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Blader, Joseph C. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2006
Objective: Parents' behavior management practices, parental stress, and family environment are highly pertinent to children's conduct problems. Preadolescents' psychiatric hospitalization usually arises because of severe conduct problems, so the relationships of family-related variables to postdischarge functioning warrant investigation. This…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Caregivers, Child Rearing, Psychiatry
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Chatoor, Irene; Ganiban, Jody; Surles, Jaclyn; Doussard-Roosevelt, Jane – Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2004
Objective: To examine whether infantile anorexia is associated with physiological dysregulation. Method: This study included eight toddlers with infantile anorexia and eight healthy eaters matched for age, race, socioeconomic status, and gender. Physiological measures of heart period and respiratory sinus arrhythmia were assessed across three…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Psychiatry, Interaction, Parent Child Relationship
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Li, Xiuhong; Eiden, Rina D.; Epstein, Leonard H.; Shenassa, Edmond D.; Xie, Chuanbo; Wen, Xiaozhong – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Background: To examine whether different dimensions of parenting at different ages help small-for-gestational-age (SGA) children "catch-up" the normal children in cognition and psychomotor. Methods: We analyzed data of 800 children born SGA and 3,000 children born appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) from the Early Childhood…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Psychomotor Skills, Correlation, Scores
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Suor, Jennifer H.; Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Davies, Patrick T.; Cicchetti, Dante – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Harsh environments are known to predict deficits in children's cognitive abilities. Life history theory approaches challenge this interpretation, proposing stressed children's cognition becomes specialized to solve problems in fitness-enhancing ways. The goal of this study was to examine associations between early environmental harshness and…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Environment, Path Analysis, Problem Solving, Personality Traits
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Barona, Manuela; Taborelli, Emma; Corfield, Freya; Pawlby, Susan; Easter, Abigail; Schmidt, Ulrike; Treasure, Janet; Micali, Nadia – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Introduction: Although recent research has focused on the effects of maternal eating disorders (EDs) on children, little is known about the effect of maternal EDs on neurobiological outcomes in newborns and infants. This study is the first to investigate neurobehavioural regulation and cognitive development in newborns and infants of mothers with…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Mothers, Control Groups, Eating Disorders
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Treyvaud, Karli; Doyle, Lex W.; Lee, Katherine J.; Ure, Alexandra; Inder, Terrie E.; Hunt, Rod W.; Anderson, Peter J. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016
Parenting influences child development, but it is unclear whether early parenting behavior can influence school-age outcomes in very preterm (VPT) children, and/or if certain groups of VPT children may be more affected by early parenting behavior. These research questions were examined. Participants were 147 children born <30 weeks' gestation…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Parent Child Relationship, Premature Infants, Correlation
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Battaglia, Marco; Touchette, Évelyne; Garon-Carrier, Gabrielle; Dionne, Ginette; Côté, Sylvana M.; Vitaro, Frank; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016
Background: Little is known about how children differ in the onset and evolution of separation anxiety (SA) symptoms during the preschool years, and how SA develops into separation anxiety disorder. In a large, representative population-based sample, we investigated the developmental trajectories of SA symptoms from infancy to school entry, their…
Descriptors: Separation Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Preschool Children, Longitudinal Studies
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Rajendran, Khushmand; Kruszewski, Edyta; Halperin, Jeffrey M. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016
Background: More optimal parenting has been linked with lower rates of bullying. However, it is not clear whether parenting can alter the trajectories of bullying among children diagnosed with ADHD or ODD as well as those who are not so diagnosed. This study examined whether parenting at age 4-5 years was associated with changes in bullying over…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Parent Influence, Bullying, Longitudinal Studies
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Pearson, Rebecca M.; Bornstein, Marc H.; Cordero, Miguel; Scerif, Gaia; Mahedy, Liam; Evans, Jonathan; Abioye, Abu; Stein, Alan – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016
Background: Elucidating risk pathways for under-achieving at school can inform strategies to reduce the number of adolescents leaving school without passing grades in core subjects. Maternal depression can compromise the quality of parental care and is associated with multiple negative child outcomes. However, only a few small studies have…
Descriptors: Mothers, Mental Health, Anxiety, Depression (Psychology)
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Murray, Lynne; De Pascalis, Leonardo; Tomlinson, Mark; Vally, Zahir; Dadomo, Harold; MacLachlan, Brenda; Woodward, Charlotte; Cooper, Peter J. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016
Background: Consistent with evidence from high-income countries (HICs), we previously showed that, in an informal peri-urban settlement in a low-middle income country, training parents in book sharing with their infants benefitted infant language and attention (Vally, Murray, Tomlinson, & Cooper, [Vally, Z., 2015]). Here, we investigated…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Foreign Countries, Low Income Groups, Parent Education
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Wang, Yiji; Dix, Theodore – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2015
Background: This study examined whether social-cognitive processes in children mediate relations between mothers' depressive symptoms across the first 3 years and children's first-grade social competence. Three maladaptive cognitions were examined: self-perceived social inadequacy, hostile attribution, and aggressive response generation.…
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Elementary School Students
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Welch, Martha G.; Firestein, Morgan R.; Austin, Judy; Hane, Amie A.; Stark, Raymond I.; Hofer, Myron A.; Garland, Marianne; Glickstein, Sara B.; Brunelli, Susan A.; Ludwig, Robert J.; Myers, Michael M. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2015
Background: Preterm infants are at high risk for adverse neurodevelopmental and behavioral outcomes. Family Nurture Intervention (FNI) in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is designed to counteract adverse effects of separation of mothers and their preterm infants. Here, we evaluate effects of FNI on neurobehavioral outcomes. Methods: Data…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, Neonates, Neurological Impairments, At Risk Persons
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