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Showing 1 to 15 of 335 results Save | Export
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Schiltz, Hillary; McIntyre, Nancy; Swain-Lerro, Lindsay; Zajic, Matthew; Mundy, Peter – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at risk for anxiety symptoms. Few anxiety measures are validated for individuals with ASD, and the nature of ASD raises questions about reliability of self-reported anxiety. This study examined longitudinal stability and change of self-reported anxiety in higher functioning youth with ASD (HFASD)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Anxiety, At Risk Persons
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Thoutenhoofd, Ernst D. – Studies in Philosophy and Education, 2017
Pupils--the learners of both educational thought and of educational practice--exist ever more as data, as do the strictures and goals through which these pupils are pedagogically managed. I elaborate this thought by way of a single example: a particular kind of pupils whose number is reportedly on the increase, namely pupils diagnosed with…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Students, At Risk Students, Educational Technology
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Scheeringa, Michael S. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2015
Background: In individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 70-90 % have at least one comorbid non-PTSD disorder. Objective: This study tested several hypotheses to untangle comorbidity issues. Following McMillen et al. ("Compr Psychiatry" 43(6):478-485, 2002), we hypothesized that few non-PTSD disorders would arise following…
Descriptors: Natural Disasters, Mental Disorders, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Hypothesis Testing
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Gadow, Kenneth D. – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2013
Objective: This study examines relations between the severity of specific symptoms of schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD) and severity of the three defining symptom domains of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children with ASD (N = 147) and child psychiatry outpatient referrals (Controls; N = 339). Method: Participants were subdivided into four…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, Schizophrenia
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Doerfler, Leonard A.; Connor, Daniel F.; Toscano, Peter F. – Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2011
Biederman and colleagues reported that a CBCL profile identified youngsters who were diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Some studies found that this CBCL profile does not reliably identify children who present with bipolar disorder, but nonetheless this CBCL does identify youngsters with severe dysfunction. However, the nature of the impairment of…
Descriptors: Aggression, Psychiatry, Pharmacology, Profiles
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Al-Sharbati, Marwan M.; Zaidan, Ziad A. J.; Dorvlo, Atsu S. S.; Al-Adawi, Samir – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2011
Background: There is a dearth of studies describing the characteristics of ADHD among schoolchildren attending child psychiatry clinics in the Arab world. Most of the previous quests have focused on community surveys or themes that hampered international comparison. Aim: This study screened for the presence of ADHD as well as investigates the…
Descriptors: Educational History, Mental Disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Arabs
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Gadow, Kenneth D. – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2012
Objective: This study compared the differential severity of specific symptoms of schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD) in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and child psychiatry outpatient referrals (controls). Each group was further subdivided into subgroups with and without co-occurring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, Etiology
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Gupta, Pavan Kumar; T., Sivakumar; Agarwal, Vivek; Sitholey, Prabhat – Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 2012
Background: Considerable controversy exists regarding clinical presentation, diagnosis, and comorbidities especially with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), in paediatric Bipolar Disorder (BPD). Aims and objectives: To describe phenomenology and comorbidities of paediatric BPD. Method: 78 Subjects (6-16 years) attending child and…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Depression (Psychology), Psychiatry
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Gustafsson, Peik; Kallen, Karin – Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 2011
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pre- and perinatal factors on the risk of developing attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: We investigated the medical history of 237 children (206 male; 31 female) from Malmo, Sweden born between 1986 and 1996 and in whom a diagnosis of ADHD (Diagnostic and Statistical…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, Risk, Regression (Statistics), Perinatal Influences
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Steenhuis, Mark-Peter; Serra, Marike; Minderaa, Rudolf Boudewijn; Hartman, Catharina Annette – Psychological Assessment, 2009
The authors recently developed an Internet version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-Version 4 (DISC-IV), parent version (D. Shaffer, P. Fisher, C. P. Lucas, M. K. Dulcan, & M. E. Schwab-Stone, 2000), with the main purpose of using it at home without an interviewer. This offers many advantages (e.g., extended applicability,…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Children, Interviews, Diagnostic Tests
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Lai, Kelly Y. C.; Leung, Patrick W. L.; Mo, Flora Y. M.; Lee, Marshall M. C.; Shea, Caroline K. S.; Chan, Grace F. C.; Che, Kiti K. I.; Luk, Ernest S. L.; Mak, Arthur D. P.; Warrington, Richard; Skuse, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disorder with high levels of co-morbidities. The Developmental, Dimensional and Diagnostic Interview (3Di) is a relatively new instrument designed to provide dimensional as well as categorical assessment of autistic behaviours among children with normal intelligence. Its sound psychometric properties and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnostic Tests, Children
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Rommelse, Nanda N. J.; Van der Stigchel, Stefan; Sergeant, Joseph A. – Brain and Cognition, 2008
The neural substrates of eye movement measures are largely known. Therefore, measurement of eye movements in psychiatric disorders may provide insight into the underlying neuropathology of these disorders. Visually guided saccades, antisaccades, memory guided saccades, and smooth pursuit eye movements will be reviewed in various childhood…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Schizophrenia, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Merker, Sören; Reif, Andreas; Ziegler, Georg C.; Weber, Heike; Mayer, Ute; Ehlis, Ann-Christine; Conzelmann, Annette; Johansson, Stefan; Müller-Reible, Clemens; Nanda, Indrajit; Haaf, Thomas; Ullmann, Reinhard; Romanos, Marcel; Fallgatter, Andreas J.; Pauli, Paul; Strekalova, Tatyana; Jansch, Charline; Vasquez, Alejandro Arias; Haavik, Jan; Ribasés, Marta; Ramos-Quiroga, Josep Antoni; Buitelaar, Jan K.; Franke, Barbara; Lesch, Klaus-Peter – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common, highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder with profound cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial impairments with persistence across the life cycle. Our initial genome-wide screening approach for copy number variants (CNVs) in ADHD implicated a duplication of…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Neurological Impairments, Genetic Disorders, Physiology
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van Hulst, Branko M.; de Zeeuw, Patrick; Bos, Dienke J.; Rijks, Yvonne; Neggers, Sebastiaan F. W.; Durston, Sarah – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Background: Changes in reward processing are thought to be involved in the etiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as well as other developmental disorders. In addition, different forms of therapy for ADHD rely on reinforcement principles. As such, improved understanding of reward processing in ADHD could eventually lead to…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Task Analysis, Reinforcement, Therapy
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Johnson, Mats; Fransson, Gunnar; Östlund, Sven; Areskoug, Björn; Gillberg, Christopher – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Background: Previous research has shown positive effects of Omega 3/6 fatty acids in children with inattention and reading difficulties. We aimed to investigate if Omega 3/6 improved reading ability in mainstream schoolchildren. Methods: We performed a 3-month parallel, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial followed by 3-month active…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Reading Skills, Intervention, Elementary School Students
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