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Lindhiem, Oliver; Dozier, Mary – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2007
Objective: This study aimed to examine the association between child behavior problems and caregiver commitment to their child in a group of young foster children. Method: The sample consisted of 102 caregiver-child dyads from the greater Baltimore area. Child behavior was assessed using the Child Behavior Checklist [CBCL; Achenbach, T. M. (1991).…
Descriptors: Caregiver Child Relationship, Foster Care, Child Behavior, Behavior Problems
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Paivio, Sandra, C.; Cramer, Kenneth, M. – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2004
Objective: The aims of this study were to examine (1) the psychometric properties of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire [CTQ; Bernstein, D., Fink, L., Handelsman, L., Foote, J., Lovejoy, M., Wenzel, K., Sapareto, E., & Ruggiero, J. (1994). Initial reliability and validity of a new retrospective measure of child abuse and neglect. American…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Questionnaires, Psychometrics, Test Reliability
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Scivoletto, Sandra; da Silva, Thiago Fernando; Rosenheck, Robert Alan – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2011
Objective: High levels of domestic violence, mental illness, and alienation from authorities are associated with high incidence of children/adolescents living on the streets in low and middle income countries. The Equilibrium Project (Programa Equilibrio) was created to facilitate social reintegration through a virtual partnership between an…
Descriptors: Family Violence, Sexual Abuse, Mental Disorders, Drug Use
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Lewis, Owen; Sargent, John; Chaffin, Mark; Friedrich, William N.; Cunningham, Nicholas; Cantor, Pamela; Coffey, Pamela Sumner; Villani, Susan; Beard, Philip R.; Clifft, Mary Ann; Greenspun, David – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2004
Problem: After the Soviet Union dissolved in 1989, it became apparent that there was little recognition of the problems of child abuse and neglect, professionally, legally, or societally. There were no effective systems or laws in place to deal with these problems. Method: Beginning in 1995 the Children's Mental Health Alliance, in conjunction…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Nongovernmental Organizations, Mental Health Workers, Mental Health
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McLaughlin, Katie A.; Hatzenbuehler, Mark L.; Xuan, Ziming; Conron, Kerith J. – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2012
Objectives: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) populations exhibit elevated rates of psychiatric disorders compared to heterosexuals, and these disparities emerge early in the life course. We examined the role of exposure to early-life victimization and adversity--including physical and sexual abuse, homelessness, and intimate partner violence--in…
Descriptors: Psychopathology, Child Abuse, Smoking, Adolescents
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Ford, Julian D.; Fraleigh, Lisa A.; Albert, David B.; Connor, Daniel F. – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2010
Objective: Sexually or physically abused children are at risk for neurobiological dysregulation as well as for internalizing and disruptive behavior disorders. Stress-related autonomic nervous system (ANS) down-regulation has been proposed as a sequela of abuse and was investigated in the present study. Methods: Child Protective Services…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Metabolism, Child Abuse, Emotional Disturbances
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Conroy, Elizabeth; Degenhardt, Louisa; Mattick, Richard P.; Nelson, Elliot C. – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2009
Objective: To examine the prevalence, characteristics and risk factors for child maltreatment among opioid-dependent persons compared to a community sample of similar social disadvantage. Method: The study employed a case-control design. Cases had a history of opioid pharmacotherapy. Controls were frequency matched to cases with regard to age, sex…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Child Abuse, Incidence, Family Characteristics
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Zlotnick, Caron; And Others – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 1995
Thirty-eight female inpatients with major depression were assessed for childhood abuse. History of abuse was examined in relation to recovery from a major depressive episode over a 12-month follow-up period. Forty-six percent of the women had a history of childhood abuse. Women without a history of abuse were 3.7 times more likely to have…
Descriptors: Adults, Child Abuse, Depression (Psychology), Females
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Bools, Christopher; And Others – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 1994
This study evaluated 100 mothers with Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (the fabrication of illness by a mother in her child). Approximately half of the mothers had either smothered or poisoned their child as part of their fabrications. Lifetime psychiatric histories were reported for 47 of the mothers. The most notable psychopathology was personality…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Deception, Mental Disorders, Mothers
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Lawrence, Kathy J.; And Others – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 1995
Comparison of 19 adult females reporting childhood ritualistic sexual abuse with 27 adult females reporting sexual abuse without ritualism found that women reporting ritualistic abuse scored significantly higher on measures of childhood sexual and physical abuse severity. Neither posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnostic status nor PTSD…
Descriptors: Adults, Child Abuse, Clinical Diagnosis, Emotional Problems
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Hyde, Caroline; And Others – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 1995
A treatment outcome study of 47 sexually abused children and adolescents attending a psychiatric facility found that mothers made more significant progress than children. Standardized measures revealed no progress differences based on type of treatment. However, clinical ratings suggested that group meetings in addition to family/network meetings…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Abuse, Children, Family Counseling