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Hum, Kathryn M.; Manassis, Katharina; Lewis, Marc D. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: The present study was designed to examine the cortical processes that mediate cognitive regulation in response to emotion-eliciting stimuli in anxious children. Methods: Electroencephalographic (EEG) activity was recorded from clinically anxious children ("n" = 29) and typically developing children ("n" = 34).…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Physiology, Cognitive Processes
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Monk, Catherine; Georgieff, Michael K.; Osterholm, Erin A. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Accumulating data from animal and human studies indicate that the prenatal environment plays a significant role in shaping children's neurocognitive development. Clinical, epidemiologic, and basic science research suggests that two experiences relatively common in pregnancy--an unhealthy maternal diet and psychosocial…
Descriptors: Mothers, Prenatal Influences, Cognitive Development, Pregnancy
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Hung, An-Yi; Ahveninen, Jyrki; Cheng, Yawei – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Although a general consensus holds that emotional reactivity in youth with conduct disorder (CD) symptoms arises as one of the main causes of successive aggression, it remains to be determined whether automatic emotional processing is altered in this population. Methods: We measured auditory event-related potentials (ERP) in 20 young…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Aggression, Emotional Response
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Brown, Kirk Warren; West, Angela Marie; Loverich, Tamara M.; Biegel, Gina M. – Psychological Assessment, 2011
Interest in mindfulness-based interventions for children and adolescents is burgeoning, bringing with it the need for validated instruments to assess mindfulness in youths. The present studies were designed to validate among adolescents a measure of mindfulness previously validated for adults (e.g., Brown & Ryan, 2003), which we herein call…
Descriptors: Intervention, Validity, Adolescents, Measures (Individuals)