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Showing 1 to 15 of 44 results Save | Export
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Hamre, Bjørn; Axelsson, Thom; Ludvigsen, Kari – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
This article explores the role of psychiatry in the sorting of schoolchildren in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden from 1920 to 1950. Whereas the role and rise of educational psychology and IQ-testing in the differentiation processes in schooling have been examined through earlier research, the role of psychiatry in the interprofessional collaboration…
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Psychiatric Hospitals, Educational Psychology, Intelligence Tests
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Brodin, Eva M. – Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education Research, 2018
The demand for developing creativity among doctoral students is found in a number of educational policies all over the world. Yet, earlier studies on Swedish doctoral education suggest that doctoral students' creativity is not always encouraged. Based on a critical hermeneutic approach and cases in four different disciplines, the aim of this study…
Descriptors: Creativity, Doctoral Programs, Psychiatry, Foreign Countries
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Lundqvist, Lars-Olov – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of behavior problems among people with administratively defined intellectual disability (ID) and identify possible risk markers for behavior problems using the Behavior Problems Inventory (BPI). Sixty-two percent of the ID population (n = 915) had a behavior problem (self-injurious,…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Sleep, Foreign Countries, Incidence
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Zisook, Sidney; Balon, Richard; Bjorksten, Karin S.; Everall, Ian; Dunn, Laura; Ganadjian, Krauz; Jin, Hua; Parikh, Sagar; Sciolla, Andres; Sidhartha, Tanuj; Yoo, Tai – Academic Psychiatry, 2007
Objective: The authors compare and contrast psychiatry residency training in the United States to that in Canada and selected countries in South America, Europe, and Asia. Method: Nine individuals who are intimately familiar with psychiatry residency training in the United States (primarily chairs, training directors, associate training directors,…
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Foreign Countries, Graduate Medical Education, Comparative Analysis
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Gustafsson, Peik; Kallen, Karin – Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 2011
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pre- and perinatal factors on the risk of developing attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: We investigated the medical history of 237 children (206 male; 31 female) from Malmo, Sweden born between 1986 and 1996 and in whom a diagnosis of ADHD (Diagnostic and Statistical…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, Risk, Regression (Statistics), Perinatal Influences
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Linder, Jurgen; Ekholm, Kristina Schuldt; Jansen, Gunilla Brodda; Lundh, Goran; Ekholm, Jan – International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 2009
The number of patients with difficulty in resuming work after long-term sick leave has increased in several European countries including Sweden. The general aim of this study was a comprehensive description--based on multidisciplinary diagnostics and assessments--of patients with the common feature of marked difficulty in resuming working life…
Descriptors: Physicians, Quality of Life, Psychiatry, Patients
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Johnson, Mats; Fransson, Gunnar; Östlund, Sven; Areskoug, Björn; Gillberg, Christopher – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Background: Previous research has shown positive effects of Omega 3/6 fatty acids in children with inattention and reading difficulties. We aimed to investigate if Omega 3/6 improved reading ability in mainstream schoolchildren. Methods: We performed a 3-month parallel, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial followed by 3-month active…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Reading Skills, Intervention, Elementary School Students
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Halldner, Linda; Tillander, Annika; Lundholm, Cecilia; Boman, Marcus; Långström, Niklas; Larsson, Henrik; Lichtenstein, Paul – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2014
Background: We addressed if immaturity relative to peers reflected in birth month increases the likelihood of ADHD diagnosis and treatment. Methods: We linked nationwide Patient and Prescribed Drug Registers and used prospective cohort and nested case-control designs to study 6-69 year-old individuals in Sweden from July 2005 to December 2009…
Descriptors: Maturity (Individuals), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Children, Adults
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Larsson, Henrik; Sariaslan, Amir; Långström, Niklas; D'Onofrio, Brian; Lichtenstein, Paul – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2014
Background: Studies have found negative associations between socioeconomic position and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but it remains unclear if this association is causal. The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which the association between family income in early childhood and subsequent ADHD depends on measured…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Socioeconomic Status, Correlation, Family Income
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Balazs, Judit; Miklosi, Monika; Kereszteny, Agnes; Hoven, Christina W.; Carli, Vladimir; Wasserman, Camilla; Apter, Alan; Bobes, Julio; Brunner, Romuald; Cosman, Doina; Cotter, Padraig; Haring, Christian; Iosue, Miriam; Kaess, Michael; Kahn, Jean-Pierre; Keeley, Helen; Marusic, Dragan; Postuvan, Vita; Resch, Franz; Saiz, Pilar A.; Sisask, Merike; Snir, Avigal; Tubiana, Alexandra; Varnik, Airi; Sarchiapone, Marco; Wasserman, Danuta – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Subthreshold-depression and anxiety have been associated with significant impairments in adults. This study investigates the characteristics of adolescent subthreshold-depression and anxiety with a focus on suicidality, using both categorical and dimensional diagnostic models. Methods: Data were drawn from the Saving and Empowering…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Psychopathology
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Bond, Caroline; Woods, Kevin; Humphrey, Neil; Symes, Wendy; Green, Lorraine – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background and scope: Solution focused brief therapy (SFBT) is a strengths-based therapeutic approach, emphasizing the resources that people possess and how these can be applied to a positive change process. The current study provides a systematic review of the SFBT evidence base and a critical evaluation of the use and application of SFBT in…
Descriptors: Psychotherapy, Children, Family (Sociological Unit), Child Behavior
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Pettersson, Erik; Anckarsäter, Henrik; Gillberg, Christopher; Lichtenstein, Paul – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Although neurodevelopmental disorders are demarcated as discrete entities in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of mental disorders, empirical evidence indicates that there is a high degree of overlap among them. The first aim of this investigation was to explore if a single general factor could account for the large degree of observed…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Twins, Interviews, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Nylander, Lena; Axmon, Anna; Björne, Petra; Ahlström, Gerd; Gillberg, Christopher – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
In a Swedish sample of persons eligible for disability services and aged 55 years or older in 2012, persons (n = 601) with autism spectrum disorder diagnoses registered in specialist care were identified. Register data concerning diagnoses of other psychiatric disorders, psychiatric care, and psychiatric medication were reviewed. More than 60% had…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eligibility
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Larsson, Henrik; Anckarsater, Henrik; Rastam, Maria; Chang, Zheng; Lichtenstein, Paul – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2012
Background: Although the clinical utility of categorically defined attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is well established, there is also strong evidence supporting the notion of ADHD as an extreme of a continuous trait. Nevertheless, the question of whether the etiology is the same for different levels of DSM-IV ADHD symptoms remains…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Twins, Incidence, Genetics
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Nilsson Sjöberg, Mattias – International Journal of Inclusive Education, 2017
Various neuropsychiatric disorders are a common feature today, not least in educational contexts where Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common diagnosis. The dominant perspective regarding ADHD is biomedical. This perspective has been questioned and challenged in various ways. The aim of this article is to think ADHD through…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Realism, Psychiatry, Foreign Countries
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