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Showing 1 to 15 of 29 results Save | Export
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Pihlaja, Päivi; Sarlin, Tanja; Ristkari, Terja – Education Inquiry, 2015
In educational contexts there are few topics that receive as much attention from adults as children's behaviour that is seen as challenging. Challenging behaviour has been a topic in many disciplines, such as education, child psychiatry, psychology and special education. Along with the definition of challenging behaviour, we can read about social…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Behavior Problems, Child Care, Child Caregivers
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Brunila, Kristiina – Critical Studies in Education, 2013
Education in Finland is facing new challenges in the form of two related trends: "therapisation" and "projectisation". The concept of therapisation describes the ways in which ideas, discourses and practices from counselling, therapy, psychiatry, educational and clinical psychology become internalised and normalised in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Projects, Learning Activities, Active Learning
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Mannynsalo, L.; Putkonen, H.; Lindberg, N.; Kotilainen, I. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2009
Background: Contrasting views exist over the association of intellectual disability (ID) and criminal offending. This nationwide study attempts to shed further light to expand understanding to substantiate the relation between socio-demographic characteristics, psychiatric co-morbidity and criminal behaviour among the Finnish forensic population…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Criminals, Foreign Countries, Alcohol Abuse
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Mattila, Marja-Leena; Kielinen, Marko; Linna, Sirkka-Liisa; Jussila, Katja; Ebeling, Hanna; Bloigu, Risto; Joseph, Robert M.; Moilanen, Irma – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2011
Objective: The latest definitions of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) were specified in "DSM-IV-TR" in 2000. "DSM-5" criteria are planned for 2013. Here, we estimated the prevalence of ASDs and autism according to "DSM-IV-TR," clarified confusion concerning diagnostic criteria, and evaluated "DSM-5" draft…
Descriptors: Observation, Incidence, Autism, Asperger Syndrome
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Pihlakoski, Leena; Aromaa, Minna; Sourander, Andre; Rautava, Paivi; Helenius, Hans; Sillanpaa, Matti – Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2004
Objective: To determine the effect of child-, parent- and family-related factors on the use of and need for mental health services by 12 years of age. Method: A prospective population-based questionnaire study of 1,287 first-born children was launched in Finland in 1985. The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) was completed by 1,086 parents when the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychiatry, Professional Services, Interpersonal Competence
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Sourander, Andre; Santalahti, Paivi; Haavisto, Antti; Piha, Jorma; Ikaheimo, Kaija; Helenius, Hans – Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2004
Objective: To study the differences in children's psychiatric symptoms and child mental health service use at two time points: 1989 and 1999. Method: Two cross-sectional representative samples of 8- to 9-year-old children from southern Finland were compared. The 1989 sample consisted of 985 children, of whom 95% participated, and the 1999 sample…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Foreign Countries, Psychiatry, Psychiatric Services
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Pihlakoski, Leena; Sourander, Andre; Aromaa, Minna; Ronning, John A.; Rautava, Paivi; Helenius, Hans; Sillanpaa, Matti – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2013
In a prospective population-based study, mothers and fathers of 1,247 children reported their physical and mental health during pregnancy, after delivery, within the child's first 18 months of life, and at 12 years. Additionally, maternal health clinic nurses rated parents' well-being and perceived need for support. At age 12, child outcomes were…
Descriptors: Pregnancy, Well Being, Depression (Psychology), Mothers
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Ikaheimo, Olli; Laukkanen, Matti; Hakko, Helina; Rasanen, Pirkko – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2013
The influence of family structure on criminality in adolescents is well acknowledged in population based studies of delinquents, but not regarding adolescent psychiatric inpatients. The association of family structure to criminality was examined among 508 adolescents receiving psychiatric inpatient treatment between 2001 and 2006. Family structure…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Welfare, Parents, Mental Disorders
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Raaska, Hanna; Lapinleimu, Helena; Sinkkonen, Jari; Salmivalli, Christina; Matomaki, Jaakko; Makipaa, Sanna; Elovainio, Marko – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2012
This study investigated the prevalence of and factors associated with school bullying and victimization among Finnish international adoptees. The Olweus bully/victim questionnaire was sent to all 9-15-year-old children adopted in Finland between 1985 and 2007 through the mediating organizations officially approved by the Ministry of Social Affairs…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Bullying, Questionnaires, Multivariate Analysis
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Ranta, Klaus; Junttila, Niina; Laakkonen, Eero; Uhmavaara, Anni; La Greca, Annette M.; Niemi, Paivi M. – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate symptoms of social anxiety and the psychometric properties of the "Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents" (SAS-A) among Finnish adolescents, 13-16 years of age. Study 1 (n = 867) examined the distribution of SAS-A scores according to gender and age, and the internal consistency and factor structure…
Descriptors: Evidence, Anxiety Disorders, Test Validity, Factor Structure
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Lahti, Anniina; Rasanen, Pirkko; Riala, Kaisa; Keranen, Sirpa; Hakko, Helina – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: There are only a few recent studies on secular trends in child and adolescent suicides. We examine here trends in rates and methods of suicide among young people in Finland, where suicide rates at these ages are among the highest in the world. Methods: The data, obtained from Statistics Finland, consisted of all suicides (n = 901)…
Descriptors: Females, Suicide, Drinking, Foreign Countries
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Gyllenberg, David; Sourander, Andre; Niemela, Solja; Helenius, Hans; Sillanmaki, Lauri; Ristkari, Terja; Piha, Jorma; Kumpulainen, Kirsti; Tamminen, Tuula; Moilanen, Irma; Almqvist, Fredrik – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2011
Objective: Prior studies on antidepressant use in late adolescence and young adulthood have been cross-sectional, and prospective associations with childhood psychiatric problems have not been examined. The objective was to study the association between childhood problems and lifetime prevalence and costs of antidepressant medication by age 24…
Descriptors: Psychopathology, Children, Parents, Depression (Psychology)
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Rodriguez, A.; Olsen, J.; Kotimaa, A. J.; Kaakinen, M.; Moilanen, I.; Henriksen, T. B.; Linnet, K. M.; Miettunen, J.; Obel, C.; Taanila, A.; Ebeling, H.; Jarvelin, M. R. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Background: Studies concerning whether exposure to low levels of maternal alcohol consumption during fetal development is related to child inattention and hyperactivity symptoms have shown conflicting results. We examine the contribution of covariates related to social adversity to resolve some inconsistencies in the extant research by conducting…
Descriptors: Smoking, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Drinking
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Niemela, Solja; Sourander, Andre; Pilowsky, Daniel J.; Susser, Ezra; Helenius, Hans; Piha, Jorma; Kumpulainen, Kirsti; Moilanen, Irma; Tamminen, Tuula; Almqvist, Fredrik – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Objective: To identify childhood psychiatric symptoms as antecedents of cigarette smoking at age 18. Methods: In 1989, a general population sample of 2946 8-year-old boys born in Finland in 1981 was assessed using the Rutter's parent and teacher questionnaires, and the Child Depression Inventory. This birth cohort was followed up in 1999, when the…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Predictor Variables, Emotional Problems, Smoking
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Klomek, Anat Brunstein; Sourander, Andre; Niemela, Solja; Kumpulainen, Kirsti; Piha, Jorma; Tamminen, Tuula; Almqvist, Fredrik; Gould, Madelyn S. – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2009
The examination of the data from a sample of 5,302 Finnish children who were born in 1981 finds that bullying at age eight years and later is associated with later suicide attempts and completed suicide for boys but not after controlling for conduct and depression symptoms. For girls, the association is still seen even after controlling for…
Descriptors: Bullying, Suicide, Depression (Psychology), Foreign Countries
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