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Showing 1 to 15 of 18 results Save | Export
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Leopold, Daniel R.; Christopher, Micaela E.; Burns, G. Leonard; Becker, Stephen P.; Olson, Richard K.; Willcutt, Erik G. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016
Background: Although multiple cross-sectional studies have shown symptoms of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to be statistically distinct, studies have yet to examine the temporal stability and measurement invariance of SCT in a longitudinal sample. To date, only six studies have assessed SCT…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Longitudinal Studies, Cognitive Processes, Children
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Wang, Yiji; Dix, Theodore – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2015
Background: This study examined whether social-cognitive processes in children mediate relations between mothers' depressive symptoms across the first 3 years and children's first-grade social competence. Three maladaptive cognitions were examined: self-perceived social inadequacy, hostile attribution, and aggressive response generation.…
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Elementary School Students
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Plourde, Vickie; Boivin, Michel; Forget-Dubois, Nadine; Brendgen, Mara; Vitaro, Frank; Marino, Cecilia; Tremblay, Richard T.; Dionne, Ginette – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2015
Background: The phenotypic and genetic associations between decoding skills and ADHD dimensions have been documented but less is known about the association with reading comprehension. The aim of the study is to document the phenotypic and genetic associations between reading comprehension and ADHD dimensions of inattention and…
Descriptors: Genetics, Correlation, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Kindergarten
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Yan, Ni; Dix, Theodore – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2014
Background: The depression-inhibition hypothesis suggests that mothers' depressive symptoms undermine development because they lead children to withdraw from social contact. To test this, this study examined whether poor first-grade adjustment among children of mothers with depressive symptoms is mediated by the emergence of child withdrawal…
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Student Adjustment
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Grills-Taquechel, Amie E.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Vaughn, Sharon R.; Stuebing, Karla K. – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2012
The present study examined competing models of the bi-directional influences of anxiety and reading achievement. Participants were 153 ethnically-diverse children (84 male, 69 female) from general education classes evaluated in the winter and spring of their first-grade academic year. Children completed standardized measures of reading achievement…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Reading Achievement, Rating Scales, Regression (Statistics)
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Kegel, Cornelia A. T.; Bus, Adriana G. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: The dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) has been linked to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and reading disorders. In this study, we examined whether diminished anticipatory dopamine cell firing--typical of the long variant of the DRD4 allele--is related to emergent and advanced alphabetic skills, and whether executive…
Descriptors: Genetics, Executive Function, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Correlation
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Tseng, Wan-Ling; Kawabata, Yoshito; Gau, Susan Shur-Fen – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2011
This study examined social problems at school and relationships with peers, siblings, mothers, and fathers among children with ADHD only (n = 41), ODD only (n = 14), ADHD + ODD (n = 47), and normal controls (n = 204) from a school-based sample of 2,463 first to ninth graders in Taiwan. ADHD and ODD symptoms were determined by teacher and mother…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Sibling Relationship, Mothers, Rating Scales
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Hutchison, Amanda K.; Beresford, Carol; Robinson, JoAnn; Ross, Randal G. – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2010
There is rising interest in identifying precursors to bipolar disorder symptoms, including thought disorder. Thought disorder is identified in adults through self-report and in school-aged children through parent report and child story-telling. This study is an exploration to determine if preschoolers with mood dysregulation have evidence of…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Children, Psychological Patterns, Cognitive Processes
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Malti, Tina; Perren, Sonja; Buchmann, Marlis – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2010
This study investigated the concurrent and longitudinal relations among children's peer victimization, empathy, and emotional symptoms. The sample consisted of 175 children (85 girls, mean age = 6.1 years) recruited from kindergartens in Switzerland and followed for 1 year (Time 2). Parents and teachers reported on the children's emotional…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Victims of Crime, Empathy, Emotional Response
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Menting, Barbara; Van Lier, Pol A. C.; Koot, Hans M. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: Children with poorer language skills are more likely to show externalizing behavior problems, as well as to become rejected by their peers. Peer rejection has also been found to affect the development of externalizing behavior. This study explored the role of peer rejection in the link between language skills and the development of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Receptive Language, Kindergarten, Grade 4
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Essex, Marilyn J.; Kraemer, Helena C.; Slattery, Marcia J.; Burk, Linnea R.; Boyce, W. Thomas; Woodward, Hermi R.; Kupfer, David J. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Background: Many childhood psychiatric problems are transient. Consequently, screening procedures to accurately identify children with problems unlikely to remit and thus, in need of intervention, are of major public health concern. This study aimed to develop a universal school-based screening procedure based on the answers to three questions:…
Descriptors: Intervention, Mothers, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Elementary School Students
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Carter, Alice S.; Wagmiller, Robert J.; Gray, Sarah A. O.; McCarthy, Kimberly J.; Horwitz, Sarah M.; Briggs-Gowan, Margaret J. – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2010
Objective: The aims of this paper are as follows: to present past-year prevalence data for DSM-IV disorders in the early elementary school years; to examine the impact of impairment criteria on prevalence estimates; to examine the relation of sociodemographic and psychosocial risk factors to disorders; and to explore associations between…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Psychopathology, Risk, Adolescents
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Bradley, Robert H.; Corwyn, Robert F. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2008
Background: This study examines the differential susceptibility hypothesis as it pertains to relations between infant temperament, parenting, and behavior problems in first grade. Method: Data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care were used in a series of hierarchical regression analyses focused on interactions between three aspects of…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Behavior Problems, Antisocial Behavior, Infants
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Webster-Stratton, Carolyn; Reid, M. Jamila; Stoolmiller, Mike – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2008
Background: School readiness, conceptualized as three components including emotional self-regulation, social competence, and family/school involvement, as well as absence of conduct problems play a key role in young children's future interpersonal adjustment and academic success. Unfortunately, exposure to multiple poverty-related risks increases…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Behavior Problems, Interpersonal Competence, Self Management
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Colin, S.; Magnan, A.; Ecalle, J.; Leybaert, J. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2007
Background: The aim of the present study was twofold: 1) to determine whether phonological skills measured in deaf prereaders predict their later phonological and reading skills after one year of reading instruction as is the case for hearing children; 2) to examine whether the age of exposure to a fully specified phonological input such as Cued…
Descriptors: Cued Speech, Deafness, Rhyme, Word Recognition
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