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Showing 1 to 15 of 27 results Save | Export
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Fleitlich-Bilyk, Back; Goodman, Robert – Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2004
Objective: To describe the prevalence of DSM-IV disorders and the pattern of comorbidity in a population-based sample of 7- to 14-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren. Method: Random sampling of schools (stratified into private, public rural, and public urban) was followed by random sampling of pupils from school lists. In 2000-2001, a total of 1,251…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Psychiatry, Incidence
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Stringaris, Argyris; Castellanos-Ryan, Natalie; Banaschewski, Tobias; Barker, Gareth J.; Bokde, Arun L.; Bromberg, Uli; Büchel, Christian; Fauth-Bühler, Mira; Flor, Herta; Frouin, Vincent; Gallinat, Juergen; Garavan, Hugh; Gowland, Penny; Heinz, Andreas; Itterman, Bernd; Lawrence, Claire; Nees, Frauke; Paillere-Martinot, Marie-Laure; Paus, Tomas; Pausova, Zdenka; Rietschel, Marcella; Smolka, Michael N.; Schumann, Gunter; Goodman, Robert; Conrod, Patricia – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2014
Background: It has been reported that mania may be associated with superior cognitive performance. In this study, we test the hypothesis that manic symptoms in youth separate along two correlated dimensions and that a symptom constellation of high energy and cheerfulness is associated with superior cognitive performance. Method: We studied 1755…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Youth Problems, Cognitive Ability, Hypothesis Testing
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Brown, Hannah M.; McAdams, Tom A.; Lester, Kathryn J.; Goodman, Robert; Clark, David M.; Eley, Thalia C. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Twin studies in children reveal that familial aggregation of anxiety disorders is due to both genetic and environmental factors. Cognitive biases for threat information are considered a robust characteristic of childhood anxiety. However, little is known regarding the underlying aetiology of such biases and their role in anxiety…
Descriptors: Anxiety Disorders, Children, Etiology, Family Influence
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Stringaris, Argyris; Goodman, Robert; Ferdinando, Sumudu; Razdan, Varun; Muhrer, Eli; Leibenluft, Ellen; Brotman, Melissa A. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2012
Background: Irritable mood has recently become a matter of intense scientific interest. Here, we present data from two samples, one from the United States and the other from the United Kingdom, demonstrating the clinical and research utility of the parent- and self-report forms of the Affective Reactivity Index (ARI), a concise dimensional measure…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Parent Attitudes, Depression (Psychology), Emotional Problems
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Krieger, Fernanda Valle.; Polanczyk, Guilherme Vanoni; Goodman, Robert; Rohde, Luis Augusto; Graeff-Martins, Ana Soledade; Salum, Giovanni; Gadelha, Ary; Pan, Pedro; Stahl, Daniel; Stringaris, Argyris – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2013
Objective: Investigating dimensions of oppositional symptoms may help to explain heterogeneity of etiology and outcomes for mental disorders across development and provide further empirical justification for the "DSM-5"-proposed modifications of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). However, dimensions of oppositionality have not…
Descriptors: Psychopathology, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Depression (Psychology)
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Langton, Emma Gore; Collishaw, Stephan; Goodman, Robert; Pickles, Andrew; Maughan, Barbara – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: While there is considerable evidence of income gradients in child and adolescent behaviour problems, evidence relating to children and young people's emotional difficulties is more mixed. Older studies reported no income differentials, while recent reports suggest that adolescents from low-income families are more likely to experience…
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Low Income, Family Income, Risk
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Goodman, Anna; Goodman, Robert – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: For adult physical and mental health, the population mean predicts the proportion of individuals with "high" scores. This has not previously been investigated for child mental health. It is also unclear how far symptom scores on brief questionnaires provide an unbiased method of comparing children with different individual,…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Incidence, Social Characteristics, Mental Disorders
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Farbstein, Ilana; Mansbach-Kleinfeld, Ivonne; Levinson, Daphna; Goodman, Robert; Levav, Itzhak; Vograft, Itzik; Kanaaneh, Rasim; Ponizovsky, Alexander M.; Brent, David A.; Apter, Alan – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2010
Background: The development of epidemiological instruments has enabled the assessment of mental disorders in youth in countries that plan policy according to evidence-based principles. The Israel Survey of Mental Health among Adolescents (ISMEHA) was conducted in 2004-2005 in a representative sample of 957 adolescents aged 14-17 and their mothers.…
Descriptors: Incidence, Mental Disorders, Learning Disabilities, Mental Health
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Angold, Adrian; Erkanli, Alaattin; Copeland, William; Goodman, Robert; Fisher, Prudence W.; Costello, E. Jane – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2012
Objective: To compare examples of three styles of psychiatric interviews for youth: the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC) ("respondent-based"), the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment (CAPA) ("interviewer-based"), and the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) ("expert judgment"). Method: Roughly equal numbers of…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Anxiety Disorders, Educational Needs, Program Effectiveness
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Stringaris, Argyris; Santosh, Paramala; Leibenluft, Ellen; Goodman, Robert – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2010
Background: Little is known about short-duration episodes of mania-like symptoms in youth. Here we determine the prevalence, morbid associations, and contribution to social impairment of a phenotype characterised by episodes during which symptom and impairment criteria for mania are met, but DSM-IV duration criteria are not (bipolar not otherwise…
Descriptors: Incidence, Autism, Criteria, Psychopathology
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Rowe, Richard; Maughan, Barbara; Moran, Paul; Ford, Tamsin; Briskman, Jackie; Goodman, Robert – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2010
Background: Callous and unemotional (CU) traits might usefully subtype DSM-IV conduct disorder (CD). We investigate this hypothesis in a large, nationally representative sample of 5-16-year-olds. We also examine the characteristics of children with high CU traits but without CD. Methods: Data come from the 2004 British Child and Adolescent Mental…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Identification, Psychopathology, Personality Traits
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Stringaris, Argyris; Goodman, Robert – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Background: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in youth is a strong predictor of mental illness yet the wide range of associations with psychiatric disorders remains largely unexplained. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the identification of irritable, headstrong and hurtful dimensions within youth oppositionality would clarify…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Behavior Disorders, Mental Disorders, Children
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Collishaw, Stephan; Goodman, Robert; Ford, Tamsin; Rabe-Hesketh, Sophia; Pickles, Andrew – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Background: Assessments of child psychopathology commonly rely on multiple informants, e.g., parents, teachers and children. Informants often disagree about the presence or absence of symptoms, reflecting reporter bias, situation-specific behaviour, or random variation in measurement. However, few studies have systematically tested how far…
Descriptors: Psychopathology, Interrater Reliability, Children, Parents
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Stringaris, Argyris; Maughan, Barbara; Goodman, Robert – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2010
Objective: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is classified as a disruptive disorder, but shows a wide range of associations with other psychopathology, including internalizing problems. The reasons for these associations are unclear. Here we test the hypothesis that two distinct early temperamental precursors--emotionality and activity--underlie…
Descriptors: Emotional Disturbances, Psychopathology, Children, Factor Analysis
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Heiervang, Einar; Goodman, Anna; Goodman, Robert – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2008
Background: The use of similar standardised measures of psychopathology for population surveys permits cross-cultural comparisons. However, interpretation of findings can be challenging because rating thresholds may differ across cultures. By combining questionnaire and interview data, we explore whether lower questionnaire scores in Norway as…
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Cross Cultural Studies, Incidence, Emotional Disturbances
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