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Raby, K. Lee; Cicchetti, Dante; Carlson, Elizabeth A.; Egeland, Byron; Collins, W. Andrew – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Longitudinal research has demonstrated that individual differences in attachment security show only modest continuity from infancy to adulthood. Recent findings based on retrospective reports suggest that individuals' genetic variation may moderate the developmental associations between early attachment-relevant relationship…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Attachment Behavior, Security (Psychology), Genetics
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Constantino, John N.; Chackes, Laura M.; Wartner, Ulrike G.; Gross, Maggie; Brophy, Susan L.; Vitale, Josie; Heath, Andrew C. – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2006
Insecure mental representations of attachment, a nearly invariant feature of cluster B personality disorders, have never previously been studied in twins. We conducted the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) on 33 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) female twins reared together as an initial exploration of causal influences on mental representations of…
Descriptors: Attachment Behavior, Females, Twins, Behavior Problems
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Madigan, Sheri; Moran, Greg; Schuengel, Carlo; Pederson, David R.; Otten, Roy – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2007
Background: Attachment theory's original formulation was substantially driven by Bowlby's (1969/1982) quest for a meaningful model of the development of psychopathology. Bowlby posited that aberrant experiences of parenting increase the child's risk of psychopathological outcomes, and that these risks are mediated by the quality of the attachment…
Descriptors: Check Lists, Behavior Problems, Toddlers, Infants
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McMahon, Catherine A.; Barnett, Byranne; Kowalenko, Nicholas M.; Tennant, Christopher C. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2006
Background: Empirical studies have revealed a significant, but modest association between maternal depression and insecure mother-child attachment. Across studies, however, a substantial number of mothers with depression are able to provide a sensitive caretaking environment for their children. This paper aimed to explore whether a mother's own…
Descriptors: Middle Class, Mothers, Infants, Attachment Behavior
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Stovall-McClough, K. Chase; Cloitre, Marylene – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2006
The primary objective of this study was to examine unresolved trauma as assessed by the Adult Attachment Interview and current psychiatric symptoms, focusing on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and dissociation, in a group of adult female childhood abuse survivors. The authors examined psychiatric symptoms and attachment representations in a…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Attachment Behavior, Females
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Fonagy, Peter; And Others – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1996
Studied the relation of patterns of attachment and psychiatric status in 82 nonpsychotic inpatients and 85 case-matched controls using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). Preliminary outcome results suggest that individuals rated as dismissing on the AAI are more likely to show improvements in psychotherapy. Discusses other findings. (KW)
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Attachment Behavior, Behavior Standards, Classification