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Showing 1 to 15 of 23 results Save | Export
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Copeland, William E.; Adair, Carol E.; Smetanin, Paul; Stiff, David; Briante, Carla; Colman, Ian; Fergusson, David; Horwood, John; Poulton, Richie; Costello, E. Jane; Angold, Adrian – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Quantifying diagnostic transitions across development is needed to estimate the long-term burden of mental illness. This study estimated patterns of diagnostic transitions from childhood to adolescence and from adolescence to early adulthood. Methods: Patterns of diagnostic transitions were estimated using data from three prospective,…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Mental Disorders, Children, Adolescents
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Lambie, Ian; Ioane, Julia; Randell, Isabel; Seymour, Fred – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: To assess the postintervention arson recidivism and other offending rates of a group of 182 firesetting children and adolescents referred to the New Zealand Fire Awareness and Intervention Program (FAIP) over a follow-up period of 10 years. To investigate predictors of offending behaviour as well as variables associated with previous…
Descriptors: Intervention, Recidivism, Crime, Children
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Boden, Joseph M.; Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2011
Objective: This study examined associations between age of menarche and psychosocial outcomes in early adulthood, including sexual behavior, mental health, criminal behavior, and education/employment, to identify the possible causal role of earlier age of menarche in increasing risks of adverse outcomes. Method: Data were gathered from 497 female…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Anxiety Disorders, Employment, Family Characteristics
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Fergusson, David M.; Boden, Joseph M.; Horwood, L. John – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Background: There is considerable evidence suggesting that many children show conduct problems that are specific to a given context (home; school). What is less well understood is the extent to which children with situation-specific conduct problems show similar outcomes to those with generalised conduct problems. Methods: Data were gathered as…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Intervals, Mother Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes
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Boden, Joseph M.; Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2010
Objective: To examine the social, family background, and individual antecedents of conduct disorder (CD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), the extent to which CD and ODD symptoms were predicted by common environmental risk factors, and the extent to which the antecedents of CD and ODD accounted for the comorbidity between the two disorders.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Behavior Disorders, Cohort Analysis, Longitudinal Studies
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Paterson, Janis; Carter, Sarnia; Gao, Wanzhen; Cowley-Malcolm, Esther; Iusitini, Leon – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2008
Aims: To examine (1) the association between maternal intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and victimisation and behavioural problems among two- and four-year-old Pacific children, and (2) the socio-demographic and parenting factors that may impact on this association. Design: Mothers of the Pacific Islands Families (PIF) cohort of Pacific…
Descriptors: Family Violence, Mothers, Incidence, Child Rearing
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Boden, Joseph M.; Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2008
Background: Early motherhood has been linked with a number of adverse outcomes, including mental health difficulties and barriers to completing educational qualifications and workforce participation. The present study examined the extent to which these linkages could be explained by the influence of social, family, and background factors that were…
Descriptors: Mothers, Early Parenthood, Social Influences, Family Influence
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Ditchburn, K. Marie; Sellman, J. Douglas – Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 2013
Three main aims of this study were to ascertain the prevalence rate of smoking among adolescent psychiatric outpatients; estimate smokers' degree of nicotine dependence; and investigate the relationship between smoking and common mental health disorders. Face-to-face interviews were conducted on 93 patients ages 13-18 presenting to an adolescent…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Smoking, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Mental Health
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Paterson, Janis; Carter, Sarnia; Gao, Wanzhen; Perese, Lana – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2007
Background: The aim of this study was to determine (1) the prevalence of behavioral problems among two-year-old Pacific children living in New Zealand, (2) ethnic differences in behavioral problems, and (3) relationships between maternal and socio-demographic variables and problem child behavior. Methods: Data were gathered from the Pacific…
Descriptors: Check Lists, Ethnicity, Behavior Problems, Incidence
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Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John; Ridder, Elizabeth M. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2006
Background: The extent to which abortion has harmful consequences for mental health remains controversial. We aimed to examine the linkages between having an abortion and mental health outcomes over the interval from age 15-25 years. Methods: Data were gathered as part of the Christchurch Health and Development Study, a 25-year longitudinal study…
Descriptors: Intervals, Females, Mental Disorders, Mental Health
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Ramrakha, Sandhya; Bell, Melanie L.; Paul, Charlotte; Dickson, Nigel; Moffitt, Terrie E.; Caspi, Avshalom – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2007
Objective: To study whether behavioral and emotional problems during childhood predicted early sexual debut, risky sex at age 21 years, and sexually transmitted infections up to age 21 years. Some possible mediational pathways were also explored. Method: Participants were enrolled in the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study (n =…
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Behavior Problems, Antisocial Behavior, Hyperactivity
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Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John; Ridder, Elizabeth M. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2005
Background: There has been ongoing interest in the role of intelligence in longer-term educational and occupational achievement and social adjustment. The aims of this study were to examine the extent to which IQ in middle childhood (8-9 years) was prognostic of future outcomes when due allowance was made for confounding personal and social…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Crime, Income, Family Characteristics
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Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John; Ridder, Elizabeth M. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2005
Background: This paper seeks to extend research into the adult sequelae of childhood conduct problems by investigating the associations between conduct problems in middle childhood and psychosocial outcomes in adulthood. Method: Data were gathered during the course of a 25-year longitudinal study of a birth cohort of New Zealand young people.…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Employment, Crime, Mental Health
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Treloar, Amanda Jane Commons; Lewis, Andrew J. – Clinical Psychologist, 2009
This paper reviews the history of the recognition of borderline personality disorder as a clinical disorder, followed by a review of the contemporary practice of diagnosing borderline personality disorder in psychiatric settings. Many researchers have cautioned against the conflation of difficult patients with the diagnostic category of borderline…
Descriptors: Health Services, Personality Problems, Identification, Patients
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Fergusson, David; Swain-Campbell, Nicola; Horwood, John – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2004
Background: This study sought to examine the associations between indices of socio-economic deprivation in childhood and later involvement in crime. Method: Data were gathered as part of the Christchurch Health and Development Study. In this project a cohort of 1,265 children born in Christchurch in 1977 have been studied from birth to age 21…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Crime, Family Life, Economically Disadvantaged
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