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Tu, Kelly M.; Erath, Stephen A. – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2013
The present study investigated whether salient preadolescent behaviors and experiences predicted parents' and teachers' underestimation of preadolescents' shyness. Participants included a community sample of 129 fifth and sixth graders, along with one parent and teacher per preadolescent. Preadolescents, parents, and teachers provided reports…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Preadolescents, Prosocial Behavior, Aggression
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Tseng, Wan-Ling; Kawabata, Yoshito; Gau, Susan Shur-Fen – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2011
This study examined social problems at school and relationships with peers, siblings, mothers, and fathers among children with ADHD only (n = 41), ODD only (n = 14), ADHD + ODD (n = 47), and normal controls (n = 204) from a school-based sample of 2,463 first to ninth graders in Taiwan. ADHD and ODD symptoms were determined by teacher and mother…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Sibling Relationship, Mothers, Rating Scales
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Kahn, Rachel E.; Frick, Paul J.; Youngstrom, Eric; Findling, Robert L.; Youngstrom, Jennifer Kogos – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2012
Background: "With Significant Callous-Unemotional Traits" has been proposed as a specifier for conduct disorder (CD) in the upcoming revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). The impact of this specifier on children diagnosed with CD should be considered. Methods: A multi-site cross-sectional design with…
Descriptors: Aggression, Mental Disorders, Clinics, Grade 3
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Moore, Kathryn W.; Varela, R. Enrique – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2010
The present study examined the roles of loss and disruption, major life events, and social support in the relationship between exposure and PTSD symptoms in a group of children 33 months after Hurricane Katrina. One hundred fifty-six 4th, 5th, and 6th graders were surveyed in the New Orleans area. Results indicated that 46% of the children…
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6
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Keller, Peggy; El-Sheikh, Mona – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: We examined longitudinal relations between children's sleep and their emotional security in the mother-child, father-child, and parental marital relationships, with the goal of explicating the direction of association over time. Gender-related effects were also examined. Method: Sleep duration was examined through actigraphy, and sleep…
Descriptors: Psychological Needs, Mothers, Sleep, Parent Child Relationship
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Essex, Marilyn J.; Kraemer, Helena C.; Slattery, Marcia J.; Burk, Linnea R.; Boyce, W. Thomas; Woodward, Hermi R.; Kupfer, David J. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Background: Many childhood psychiatric problems are transient. Consequently, screening procedures to accurately identify children with problems unlikely to remit and thus, in need of intervention, are of major public health concern. This study aimed to develop a universal school-based screening procedure based on the answers to three questions:…
Descriptors: Intervention, Mothers, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Elementary School Students
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Kraag, Gerda; Van Breukelen, Gerard J. P.; Kok, Gerjo; Hosman, Clemens – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Background: This study examined the effects of a universal stress management program (Learn Young, Learn Fair) on stress, coping, anxiety and depression in fifth and sixth grade children. Methods: Fifty-two schools (1467 children) participated in a clustered randomized controlled trial. Data was collected in the fall of 2002, the spring of 2003,…
Descriptors: Stress Management, Prevention, Pathology, Coping
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Fonagy, Peter; Twemlow, Stuart W.; Vernberg, Eric M.; Nelson, Jennifer Mize; Dill, Edward J.; Little, Todd D.; Sargent, John A. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Background: While school-based anti-bullying programs are widely used, there have been few controlled trials of effectiveness. This study compared the effect of manualized School Psychiatric Consultation (SPC), CAPSLE (a systems and mentalization focused whole school intervention), and treatment-as-usual (TAU) in reducing aggression and…
Descriptors: Aggression, Bullying, Program Effectiveness, Elementary School Students
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Kim, Geunyoung; Walden, Tedra; Harris, Vicki; Karrass, Jan; Catron, Thomas – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2007
The present study examined the role of emotion and emotion control in children's externalizing problems. Third- to sixth-grade children were administered a self-report measure of positive emotion, negative emotion, and emotion control. Peer- and teacher-reported adjustment problems were assessed. Structural equations modeling revealed that…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Interaction, Behavior Problems, Emotional Response
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Layne, Ann E.; Bernstein, Gail A.; March, John S. – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2006
The present study aimed to determine which anxiety symptoms in children are associated with teacher awareness and whether teacher awareness differs according to student age and gender. The Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) was completed by 453 second through fifth grade students and teachers nominated the three most anxious…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Elementary School Students
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Wood, Jeffrey J.; Repetti, Rena L.; Roesch, Scott C. – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2004
This study examined linkages between divorce, depressive/withdrawn parenting, and child adjustment problems at home and school. Middle class divorced single mother families (n=35) and 2-parent families (n=174) with a child in the fourth grade participated. Mothers and teachers completed yearly questionnaires and children were interviewed when they…
Descriptors: Divorce, Student Adjustment, Child Rearing, Depression (Psychology)
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Bagner, Daniel M.; Storch, Eric A.; Roberti, Jonathan W. – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2004
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Scale (LSDS) in a sample of African-American and Hispanic-American children. Participants were a non-clinical sample (N = 186) of children ages 11 to 13 in the fifth and sixth grades in a school in the Metropolitan New York area. Confirmatory factor…
Descriptors: African American Children, Hispanic Americans, Children, Psychological Patterns
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Ey, Sydney; Hadley, Wendy; Allen, Deanna Nuttbrock; Palmer, Shawna; Klosky, James; Deptula, Daneen; Thomas, Jay; Cohen, Robert – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2005
Background: Optimism and pessimism are positive and negative expectations linked with well-being in adults. Research on the importance of optimism and pessimism in children is limited by the lack of a developmentally appropriate measure of children's expectations. Method: Based upon the Life Orientation Test-Revised (Scheier, Carver, & Bridges,…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Measurement Techniques, Grade 6, Depression (Psychology)