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Thurm, Audrey; Manwaring, Stacy S.; Swineford, Lauren; Farmer, Cristan – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2015
Background: A significant minority of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are considered "minimally verbal" due to language development stagnating at a few words. Recent developments allow for the severity of ASD symptoms to be examined using Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) Social Affect (SA) and Restricted and…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Severity (of Disability), Verbal Ability, Autism
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Miller, Meghan; Young, Gregory S.; Hutman, Ted; Johnson, Scott; Schwichtenberg, A. J.; Ozonoff, Sally – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2015
Background: We evaluated early pragmatic language skills in preschool-age siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and examined correspondence between pragmatic language impairments and general language difficulties, autism symptomatology, and clinical outcomes. Methods: Participants were younger siblings of children with ASD…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Language Skills, Preschool Children, Siblings
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Guthrie, Whitney; Swineford, Lauren B.; Nottke, Charly; Wetherby, Amy M. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Although a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) appears to be stable in children as young as age three, few studies have explored stability of a diagnosis in younger children. Predictive value of diagnostic tools for toddlers and patterns of symptom change are important considerations for clinicians making early diagnoses. Most…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Toddlers
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Wan, Ming Wai; Green, Jonathan; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Johnson, Mark; Charman, Tony; Plummer, Faye – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Recent models of the early emergence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) propose that infant intrinsic risk susceptibilities in behaviour may be amplified by interaction within the early social environment into an increasingly atypical developmental trajectory. This study examines whether 6- and 12-month parent-infant interactions in…
Descriptors: Correlation, Infants, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Ben-Sasson, A.; Soto, T. W.; Martinez-Pedraza, F.; Carter, A. S. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Sensory over-responsivity (SOR) affects many individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), often leading to stressful encounters during daily routines. Methods: This study describes the associations between early SOR symptoms and the longitudinal course of restrictions in family life activities and parenting stress across three…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Toddlers, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Corsello, Christina M.; Akshoomoff, Natacha; Stahmer, Aubyn C. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Longitudinal research studies have demonstrated that experienced clinicians using standardized assessment measures can make a reliable diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in children under age 3. Limited data are available regarding the sensitivity and specificity of these measures in community settings. The aims of this…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Toddlers, Clinical Diagnosis
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Landa, Rebecca; Garrett-Mayer, Elizabeth – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2006
Background: Autism is rarely diagnosed before three years of age despite evidence suggesting prenatal abnormalities in neurobiological processes. Little is known about when or how development becomes disrupted in the first two years of life in autism. Such information is needed to facilitate early detection and early intervention. Methods: This…
Descriptors: Siblings, Early Intervention, Medical Evaluation, Autism