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Fricke, Silke; Burgoyne, Kelly; Bowyer-Crane, Claudine; Kyriacou, Maria; Zosimidou, Alexandra; Maxwell, Liam; Lervåg, Arne; Snowling, Margaret J.; Hulme, Charles – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Background: Oral language skills are a critical foundation for literacy and more generally for educational success. The current study shows that oral language skills can be improved by providing suitable additional help to children with language difficulties in the early stages of formal education. Methods: We conducted a randomized controlled…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Skills, Language Impairments, Randomized Controlled Trials
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McKean, Cristina; Wraith, Darren; Eadie, Patricia; Cook, Fallon; Mensah, Fiona; Reilly, Sheena – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Background: Little is known about the nature, range and prevalence of different subgroups in language trajectories extant in a population from 4 to 11 years. This hinders strategic targeting and design of interventions, particularly targeting those whose difficulties will likely persist. Methods: Children's language abilities from 4 to 11 years…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Child Development, Language Aptitude, Longitudinal Studies
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Snowling, Margaret J.; Duff, Fiona J.; Nash, Hannah M.; Hulme, Charles – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016
Background: Children with language impairment (LI) show heterogeneity in development. We tracked children from pre-school to middle childhood to characterize three developmental trajectories: resolving, persisting and emerging LI. Methods: We analyzed data from children identified as having preschool LI, or being at family risk of dyslexia,…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Child Development, Developmental Stages, At Risk Persons
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Duff, Fiona J.; Hulme, Charles; Grainger, Katy; Hardwick, Samantha J.; Miles, Jeremy N. V.; Snowling, Margaret J. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2014
Background: Intervention studies for children at risk of dyslexia have typically been delivered preschool, and show short-term effects on letter knowledge and phoneme awareness, with little transfer to literacy. Methods: This randomised controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of a reading and language intervention for 6-year-old children…
Descriptors: Intervention, Children, At Risk Persons, Dyslexia
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McGregor, Karla K.; Rost, Gwyneth; Arenas, Rick; Farris-Trimble, Ashley; Stiles, Derek – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Many children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) struggle to understand familiar words and learn unfamiliar words. We explored the extent to which these problems reflect deficient use of probabilistic gaze in the extra-linguistic context. Method: Thirty children with ASD and 43 with typical development (TD) participated in a spoken…
Descriptors: Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Word Recognition
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Im-Bolter, Nancie; Cohen, Nancy J.; Farnia, Fataneh – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Language has been shown to play a critical role in social cognitive reasoning in preschool and school-aged children, but little research has been conducted with adolescents. During adolescence, the ability to understand figurative language becomes increasingly important for social relationships and may affect social adjustment. This…
Descriptors: Social Cognition, Adolescents, Figurative Language, Social Adjustment
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Cohen, Nancy J.; Farnia, Fataneh; Im-Bolter, Nancie – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Clinic and community-based epidemiological studies have shown an association between child psychopathology and language impairment. The demands on language for social and academic adjustment shift dramatically during adolescence and the ability to understand the nonliteral meaning in language represented by higher order language…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Mental Health, Language Impairments, Children
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Fein, Deborah; Barton, Marianne; Eigsti, Inge-Marie; Kelley, Elizabeth; Naigles, Letitia; Schultz, Robert T.; Stevens, Michael; Helt, Molly; Orinstein, Alyssa; Rosenthal, Michael; Troyb, Eva; Tyson, Katherine – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Although autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are generally considered lifelong disabilities, literature suggests that a minority of individuals with an ASD will lose the diagnosis. However, the existence of this phenomenon, as well as its frequency and interpretation, is still controversial: were they misdiagnosed initially, is this a…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)