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Serikov, V. V. – Russian Education & Society, 2016
This article offers a modern take on the creative legacy of V.V. Kraevsky, his interpretation of the nature and function of methodological research in pedagogy, and insight into the mission of pedagogical science in society and the relationships between pedagogical theory and practice. It shows the prospects for using Kraevsky's ideas to solve the…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Objectives, Educational Research, Educational Theories
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Fröber, Kerstin; Dreisbach, Gesine – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
There is much evidence that the prospect of reward modulates cognitive control in terms of more stable behavior. Increases in expected reward magnitude, however, have been suggested to increase flexible behavior as evidenced by reduced switch costs. In a series of experiments, the authors provide evidence that this increased cognitive flexibility…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Rewards, Experimental Psychology, Persistence
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McIntyre, Michael L.; Murphy, Steven A. – Industry and Higher Education, 2016
As academics who interact with senior and mid-level business managers on a regular basis, both informally and as consultants, the authors often note that ideas of theory and practice are not well developed among people outside of academia. It is posited that this deficit offers the prospect of less than optimal approaches to matters such as…
Descriptors: Theory Practice Relationship, Business Administration, Business Administration Education, Role of Education
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Tansley, Denny P.; Jome, LaRae M.; Haase, Richard F.; Martens, Matthew P. – Journal of Career Assessment, 2007
Social cognitive career theory posits that verbal persuasion can affect individuals' career self-efficacy, outcome expectations, goals and/or intentions, and behaviors. Prospect theory holds that negatively framed messages can have a powerful effect on people's cognitions related to adopting particular behaviors in situations of uncertainty.…
Descriptors: College Students, Self Efficacy, Career Choice, Social Theories
Myerson, Joel; Green, Leonard; Morris, Joshua – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2011
The present study with college students examined the effect of amount on the discounting of probabilistic monetary rewards. A hyperboloid function accurately described the discounting of hypothetical rewards ranging in amount from $20 to $10,000,000. The degree of discounting increased continuously with amount of probabilistic reward. This effect…
Descriptors: Rewards, Probability, College Students, Prediction
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Winter, Laraine; Lawton, M. Powell; Ruckdeschel, Katy – International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 2003
Kahneman and Tversky's (1979) Prospect theory was tested as a model of preferences for prolonging life under various hypothetical health statuses. A sample of 384 elderly people living in congregate housing (263 healthy, 131 frail) indicated how long (if at all) they would want to live under each of nine hypothetical health conditions (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Patients, Nursing Homes, Health Conditions, Older Adults
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Zembylas, Michalinos – Studies in Philosophy and Education, 2019
This paper discusses Butler's theory on the possibility of precarity to serve as the nexus of ethical relations, while also exploring some of the pitfalls of her theorization to reconceptualize the pedagogical implications of a "critical pedagogy for precarity." In particular, the paper asks: How can precarity--understood as an…
Descriptors: Social Action, Political Attitudes, Critical Theory, Ethics
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Maher, Marguerite – Intercultural Education, 2016
This paper discusses the Khanyisa Programme, an initiative in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, where learners from under-resourced schools are supported by teachers and high achievers in Grade 11 and 12 from a previously advantaged state school under apartheid. A qualitative, evaluative study was undertaken to identify key elements in the ongoing…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Self Efficacy, Disadvantaged Schools, Intercultural Programs
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Brandstatter, Eduard; Gigerenzer, Gerd; Hertwig, Ralph – Psychological Review, 2006
Bernoulli's framework of expected utility serves as a model for various psychological processes, including motivation, moral sense, attitudes, and decision making. To account for evidence at variance with expected utility, the authors generalize the framework of fast and frugal heuristics from inferences to preferences. The priority heuristic…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Decision Making, Models, Psychological Patterns
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Phillips, Laura L.; Allen, Rebecca S.; Harris, Grant M.; Presnell, Andrew H.; DeCoster, Jamie; Cavanaugh, Ronald – Gerontologist, 2011
Purpose: With the rapid growth in the older inmate population and the economic impact of end-of-life treatments within the cash-strapped prison system, consideration should be given to inmate treatment preferences. We examined end-of-life treatment preferences and days of desired life for several health scenarios among male inmates incarcerated…
Descriptors: First Aid, Expectation, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Education
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Msonde, Charles Enock; Msonde, Sydney Enock – Teaching Education, 2018
The study explored the contributing factors in implementing the learning study approach in Tanzanian secondary schools. Three mathematics teachers formed a learning study group, guided by the variation theory of learning, to share their experiences on how to implement a Learner-Centred Approach (LCA) in their school milieu. Teachers were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Teachers, Educational Research, Teacher Researchers
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Birnbaum, Michael H. – Psychological Review, 2008
E. Brandstatter, G. Gigerenzer, and R. Hertwig (2006) contended that their priority heuristic, a type of lexicographic semiorder model, is more accurate than cumulative prospect theory (CPT) or transfer of attention exchange (TAX) models in describing risky decisions. However, there are 4 problems with their argument. First, their heuristic is not…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Prediction, Risk, Decision Making
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Petters, Dean David – Developmental Psychology, 2019
From his first attempts to explain attachment phenomena in the 1940s through his "Attachment and Loss" trilogy (Bowlby, 1969/1982, 1973, 1980), John Bowlby reformulated the theoretical underpinnings of attachment theory several times. He initially attempted to explain attachment phenomena in psychoanalytic terms. Then he invoked…
Descriptors: Attachment Behavior, Systems Approach, Cognitive Science, Theories
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Akanbi, Grace Oluremi – International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives, 2017
This paper discusses the prospects technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Nigeria through bridging the gap between the policy document and practice. At the 1969 National Curriculum Conference and the eventual emergence of the National Policy on Education (NPE) in 1977, TVET was given prominence but, unfortunately, in theory…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Educational Policy, Educational Practices
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Auster, Carol J. – Teaching Sociology, 2016
Blended learning, in the form of screencasts to be viewed online outside of class, was incorporated into three sections of an introductory sociology course in a liberal arts college setting. The screencasts were used to introduce concepts and theories to provide more time for discussion in class and more opportunity for students to review concepts…
Descriptors: Blended Learning, Conventional Instruction, Electronic Learning, Video Technology
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