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Showing 46 to 60 of 1,232 results Save | Export
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Nacarato, Adair Mendes; Grando, Regina Célia – Statistics Education Research Journal, 2014
This paper is based on research that investigated the development of probabilistic language and thinking by students 10-12 years old. The focus was on the adequate use of probabilistic terms in social practice. A series of tasks was developed for the investigation and completed by the students working in groups. The discussions were video recorded…
Descriptors: Probability, Language Role, Thinking Skills, Mathematics Education
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Lane, Jonathan D. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
Children and adults appreciate that physical action is typically the conduit between individuals' desires and the fulfillment of those desires. However, certain forms of petitionary thought -- e.g., wishing and praying -- are believed by many people to influence the external world and fulfill desires without direct physical action. We examine…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Cultural Differences, Age Differences, Children
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Primi, Caterina; Donati, Maria Anna; Chiesi, Francesca – Statistics Education Research Journal, 2016
Among the wide range of factors related to the acquisition of statistical knowledge, competence in basic mathematics, including basic probability, has received much attention. In this study, a mediation model was estimated to derive the total, direct, and indirect effects of mathematical competence on statistics achievement taking into account…
Descriptors: Models, Mathematics Skills, Probability, Statistics
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Bridge, Dave – Journal of Political Science Education, 2016
With so many role-playing simulations already in the political science education literature, the recent repeated calls for new games is both timely and appropriate. This article answers and extends those calls by advocating the creation of probabilistic games using Microsoft Excel. I introduce the example of the Stag Hunt Game--a short, effective,…
Descriptors: Spreadsheets, Educational Games, Probability, Role Playing
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Durksen, Tracy L.; Chu, Man-Wai; Ahmad, Zaheen F.; Radil, Amanda I.; Daniels, Lia M. – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2016
Self-determination theory (SDT) is one of the most well-known approaches to achievement motivation. However, the three basic psychological needs of SDT have not received equivalent attention in the literature: priority has been given to autonomy, followed by the need for competence, with research into relatedness lacking (Bachman and Stewart in…
Descriptors: Online Courses, Large Group Instruction, Electronic Learning, Psychological Needs
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Pajak, Bozena; Fine, Alex B.; Kleinschmidt, Dave F.; Jaeger, T. Florian – Language Learning, 2016
We present a framework of second and additional language (L2/L"n") acquisition motivated by recent work on socio-indexical knowledge in first language (L1) processing. The distribution of linguistic categories covaries with socio-indexical variables (e.g., talker identity, gender, dialects). We summarize evidence that implicit…
Descriptors: Inferences, Native Language, Language Processing, Second Language Learning
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Akhmetzyanova, Anna I. – International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 2016
The relevance of this problem is related to the urgent need to explain peculiarities of anticipation and probabilistic forecasting in adolescence. It has revealed a contradiction: on the one hand, the problem of anticipation in ontogenesis is well developed, and, on the other hand, there remain understudied mechanisms of anticipation in…
Descriptors: Probability, Prediction, Adolescents, Foreign Countries
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Betsch, Tilmann; Lehmann, Anne; Lindow, Stefanie; Lang, Anna; Schoemann, Martin – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Adaptive decision making in probabilistic environments requires individuals to use probabilities as weights in predecisional information searches and/or when making subsequent choices. Within a child-friendly computerized environment (Mousekids), we tracked 205 children's (105 children 5-6 years of age and 100 children 9-10 years of age) and 103…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Children, Adults, Decision Making
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Hourigan, Mairéad; Leavy, Aisling – Teaching Statistics: An International Journal for Teachers, 2016
As part of Japanese Lesson study research focusing on "comparing and describing likelihoods", fifth grade elementary students used real-world data in decision-making. Sporting statistics facilitated opportunities for informal inference, where data were used to make and justify predictions.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Statistics
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Gottlieb, Gilbert – Developmental Science, 2007
The notion that phenotypic traits, including behavior, can be predetermined has slowly given way in biology and psychology over the last two decades. This shift in thinking is due in large part to the growing evidence for the fundamental role of developmental processes in the generation of the stability and variations in phenotype that researchers…
Descriptors: Genetics, Cultural Influences, Probability, Behavioral Science Research
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Grotzer, Tina A.; Solis, S. Lynneth; Tutwiler, M. Shane; Cuzzolino, Megan Powell – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Understanding complex systems requires reasoning about causal relationships that behave or appear to behave probabilistically. Features such as distributed agency, large spatial scales, and time delays obscure co-variation relationships and complex interactions can result in non-deterministic relationships between causes and effects that are best…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Kindergarten, Grade 2
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Craig, Stewart; Lewandowsky, Stephan; Little, Daniel R. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2011
The assumption in some current theories of probabilistic categorization is that people gradually attenuate their learning in response to unavoidable error. However, existing evidence for this error discounting is sparse and open to alternative interpretations. We report 2 probabilistic-categorization experiments in which we investigated error…
Descriptors: Evidence, Feedback (Response), Associative Learning, Classification
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Jern, Alan; Kemp, Charles – Cognitive Psychology, 2013
People are capable of imagining and generating new category exemplars and categories. This ability has not been addressed by previous models of categorization, most of which focus on classifying category exemplars rather than generating them. We develop a formal account of exemplar and category generation which proposes that category knowledge is…
Descriptors: Sampling, Probability, Classification, Cognitive Processes
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Waismeyer, Anna; Meltzoff, Andrew N.; Gopnik, Alison – Developmental Science, 2015
How do young children learn about causal structure in an uncertain and variable world? We tested whether they can use observed probabilistic information to solve causal learning problems. In two experiments, 24-month-olds observed an adult produce a probabilistic pattern of causal evidence. The toddlers then were given an opportunity to design…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Young Children, Probability, Causal Models
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Madhkhan, Mozhgan; Mousavi, Mojtaba – English Language Teaching, 2017
Anaphoric expressions are among the most frequent language forms which depend on context for their resolution. Among efforts made in theorizing referential choice, distance approaches take into account how accessibility/continuity is reflected by choice of referring expressions. The thing is that individual's choices are made under major and minor…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Writing (Composition), English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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