ERIC Number: EJ1166678
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Which Preschool Children with Specific Language Impairment Receive Language Intervention?
Wittke, Kacie; Spaulding, Tammie J.
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, v49 n1 p59-71 Jan 2018
Purpose: Potential biases in service provision for preschool children with specific language impairment (SLI) were explored. Method: In Study 1, children with SLI receiving treatment (SLI-T) and those with SLI not receiving treatment (SLI-NT) were compared on demographic characteristics and developmental abilities. Study 2 recruited children with articulation disorders receiving treatment (ARTIC-T) to determine if knowing service provision status influenced the results of Study 1. Results: In Study 1, the SLI-T group was rated by teachers as having poorer executive functioning than children in the SLIT-NT group, and the SLI-T group also came from families whose mothers had more education. These 2 variables alone predicted SLI-T and SLI-NT group membership with 84% accuracy. In Study 2, the ARTIC-T group were perceived as having comparable executive functioning to the SLI-NT group and better than the SLI-T group, indicating that teachers' knowledge of service provision did not influence their ratings of children's executive functioning. Discussion: Preschool children with SLI, whose mothers have higher education levels and whose teachers perceive them as having poorer executive functioning, are more likely to receive intervention. Recognizing service delivery biases is critical for improving early provision of intervention for this population.
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Learning Disabilities, Language Impairments, Intervention, Demography, Developmental Psychology, Student Characteristics, Articulation (Speech), Articulation Impairments, Executive Function, Group Membership, Accuracy, Comparative Analysis, Related Services (Special Education), Access to Health Care, Preschool Education
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. 2200 Research Blvd #250, Rockville, MD 20850. Tel: 301-296-5700; Fax: 301-296-8580; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://lshss.pubs.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A