ERIC Number: EJ778562
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Prokinetic Therapy Reduces Aspiration Pneumonia in Tube-Fed Patients With Severe Developmental Disabilities
Pareek, Namita; Williams, John; Hanna, Deborah; Johnson, William D.; Minocha, Anil; Abell, Thomas L.
American Journal on Mental Retardation, v112 n6 p467-471 Nov 2007
To evaluate the clinical benefit of prokinetic therapy in aspiration pneumonia in patients with developmental disabilities, we conducted a retrospective study; records of 22 tube-fed patients were reviewed from December 1990 to October 1998 for a mean of 22.7 months before and 38.9 months during Cisapride therapy. Numbers of hospital admissions per patient-year before and during Cisapride administration were reduced from 2.75 to .61, with a relative risk reduction of 4.5. Days of hospitalization were reduced from 32.3 to 6.4. There were no adverse events noted from the therapy. Appropriately monitored prokinetic therapy may prove to be beneficial in preventing aspiration pneumonia in selected patients with developmental disabilities.
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Risk, Patients, Therapy, Chronic Illness, Hospitals, Severe Disabilities
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail: AJMR@allenpress.com; Web site: http://aaidd.allenpress.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A