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Showing 31 to 45 of 327 results Save | Export
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Frawley, Timothy J. – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2008
Children's perceptions of gender are greatly influenced by the illustrations/text they encounter in picture books. While transacting with authentic literature, children build gender schema that guide processing of subsequent information. This knowledge can bias memory to a point where children misremember or distort information to make it fit…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Childrens Literature, Picture Books, Gender Bias
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Clarke, Jason; Prescott, Katherine; Milne, Rebecca – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2013
Background: The cognitive interview (CI) has been shown to increase correct memory recall of a diverse range of participant types, without an increase in the number of incorrect or confabulated details. However, it has rarely been examined for use with adults with intellectual disability. Measures and Method: This study compared the memory recall…
Descriptors: Adults, Interviews, Recall (Psychology), Memory
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Schuler, Anne; Scheiter, Katharina; Rummer, Ralf; Gerjets, Peter – Learning and Instruction, 2012
The study examined whether the modality effect is caused by either high visuo-spatial load or a lack of temporal contiguity when processing written text and pictures. Students (N = 147) viewed pictures on the development of tornados, which were accompanied by either spoken or written explanations presented simultaneously with, before, or after the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Recall (Psychology), Multimedia Instruction, Learning Modalities
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Larkina, Marina; Guler, O. Evren; Kleinknecht, Erica; Bauer, Patricia J. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2008
Strategic remembering emerges gradually during the preschool years. Socialization practices, specifically mother-child social interactions, might provide the foundation for the development of skills necessary for effective organization of information in memory. In the current study, 48 mothers and their 40-month-olds were engaged in the process of…
Descriptors: Socialization, Mothers, Preschool Children, Recall (Psychology)
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Ashworth, Anna; Hill, Catherine M.; Karmiloff-Smith, Annette; Dimitriou, Dagmara – Developmental Science, 2017
Sleep plays an active role in memory consolidation. Because children with Down syndrome (DS) and Williams syndrome (WS) experience significant problems with sleep and also with learning, we predicted that sleep-dependent memory consolidation would be impaired in these children when compared to typically developing (TD) children. This is the first…
Descriptors: Sleep, Memory, Children, Down Syndrome
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Berntsen, Dorthe; Staugaard, Soren Rislov; Sorensen, Louise Maria Torp – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2013
Involuntary episodic memories are memories of events that come to mind spontaneously, that is, with no preceding retrieval attempts. They are common in daily life and observed in a range of clinical disorders in the form of negative, intrusive recollections or flashbacks. However, little is known about their underlying mechanisms. Here we report a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Recall (Psychology), Attention, Information Retrieval
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Greenhoot, Andrea Follmer; Semb, Patricia A. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2008
This study investigated whether illustrations facilitate story recall in preschoolers (N = 58) 46 to 63 months of age. Each child was exposed to either a verbal story narrative with illustrations (Verbal and Picture condition), the narrative alone (Verbal Only condition), the narrative with uninformative illustrations (Verbal and Irrelevant…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Story Telling, Visual Aids, Illustrations
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Barr, Rachel; Brito, Natalie; Simcock, Gabrielle – Developmental Psychology, 2013
With the present research, the authors examined whether reminders could maintain 18-month-olds' memories generated from picture books and videos. Infants (N = 98) were shown a series of target actions in a picture book or on video. Either 24 hr or 2 weeks prior to a 4-week deferred imitation test, they were exposed to a reminder, a partial…
Descriptors: Infants, Memory, Priming, Recall (Psychology)
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Erdelyi, Matthew Hugh – American Psychologist, 2010
Ever since the classic work of Ebbinghaus (1885/1964), the default view in scientific psychology has been that memory declines over time. Less well-known clinical and laboratory traditions suggest, however, that memory can also increase over time. Ballard (1913) demonstrated that, actually, memory simultaneously increases and decreases over time…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Aging (Individuals), Stimuli, Research Methodology
Ornstein, Peter A.; Naus, Mary J. – 1984
A dominant theme in cognitive psychology is that prior knowledge in long-term memory has a strong influence on an individual's cognitive processing. Citing numerous memory studies with children, knowledge base effects are presented as part of a broader picture of memory development. Using the sort/recall procedure (asking subjects to group sets of…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Developmental Stages
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Jester, Kathleen A. M.; Giles, Rebecca M.; Ferguson, Susan N. – Mid-Western Educational Researcher, 2019
Three vocabulary learning approaches -- rote memorization; Cover, Copy, Compare (CCC); and Cover, Copy, Compare Adapted with picture (CCCA) -- were examined for effectiveness in promoting long-term memory retention for productive vocabulary in foreign language learning. Pretest, posttest, and delayed posttest data were collected using Conjuguemos,…
Descriptors: Spanish, Second Language Learning, Vocabulary, High School Students
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Cowan, Nelson; Hismjatullina, Anna; Aubuchon, Angela M.; Saults, J. Scott; Horton, Neil; Leadbitter, Kathy; Towse, John – Developmental Psychology, 2010
The nature of the childhood development of immediate recall has been difficult to determine. There could be a developmental increase in either the number of chunks held in working memory or the use of grouping to make the most of a constant capacity. In 3 experiments with children in the early elementary school years and adults, we show that…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Recall (Psychology), Experiments, Child Development
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Botting, Nicola; Psarou, Popi; Caplin, Tamara; Nevin, Laura – Topics in Language Disorders, 2013
Background and Design: In recent years, evidence has emerged that suggests specific language impairment (SLI) does not exclusively affect linguistic skill. Studies have revealed memory difficulties, including those measured using nonverbal tasks. However, there has been relatively little research into the nature of the verbal/nonverbal boundaries…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Children, Language Impairments, Comparative Analysis
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Dewar, Michaela; Pesallaccia, Martina; Cowan, Nelson; Provinciali, Leandro; Della Sala, Sergio – Brain and Cognition, 2012
Impairment on standard tests of delayed recall is often already maximal in the aMCI stage of Alzheimer's Disease. Neuropathological work shows that the neural substrates of memory function continue to deteriorate throughout the progression of the disease, hinting that further changes in memory performance could be tracked by a more sensitive test…
Descriptors: Structural Elements (Construction), Models, Alzheimers Disease, Word Lists
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Small, Jeff A.; Sandhu, Nirmaljeet – Brain and Language, 2008
This study investigated the relationship between semantic and episodic memory as they support lexical access by healthy younger and older adults and individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In particular, we were interested in examining the pattern of semantic and episodic memory declines in AD (i.e., word-finding difficulty and impaired recent…
Descriptors: Intervention, Semantics, Alzheimers Disease, Diseases
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