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Showing 16 to 30 of 35 results Save | Export
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Asanowicz, Dariusz; Marzecova, Anna; Jaskowski, Piotr; Wolski, Piotr – Brain and Cognition, 2012
Despite the fact that hemispheric asymmetry of attention has been widely studied, a clear picture of this complex phenomenon is still lacking. The aim of the present study was to provide an efficient and reliable measurement of potential hemispheric asymmetries of three attentional networks, i.e. alerting, orienting and executive attention.…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Conflict Resolution, Attention, Executive Function
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Lindgren, Robb; Schwartz, Daniel L. – International Journal of Science Education, 2009
Interactive simulations are entering mainstream science education. Their effects on cognition and learning are often framed by the legacy of information processing, which emphasized amodal problem solving and conceptual organization. In contrast, this paper reviews simulations from the vantage of research on perception and spatial learning,…
Descriptors: Information Processing, Spatial Ability, Computer Simulation, Science Instruction
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Bardel, Camilla; Gudmundson, Anna; Lindqvist, Christina – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2012
This article reports on the design and use of a profiler for lexical sophistication (i.e., use of advanced vocabulary), which was created to assess the lexical richness of intermediate and advanced Swedish second language (L2) learners' French and Italian. It discusses how teachers' judgments (TJs) of word difficulty can contribute to the…
Descriptors: Basic Vocabulary, Effect Size, Profiles, Vocabulary Development
Nelson, Douglas L.; And Others – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 1976
Pictures generally show superior recognition relative to their verbal labels. This experiment was designed to link this pictorial superiority effect to sensory or meaning codes associated with the two types of symbols. (Editor)
Descriptors: Experimental Psychology, Experiments, Information Processing, Pictorial Stimuli
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Ritchey, Gary H. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1980
Tests the notion that activation in children's semantic memory might best be considered in terms of both between-item and within-item elaboration. Subjects were 192 second, fourth, and sixth graders. (MP)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education, Influences
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Park, Denise Cortis; And Others – Journal of Gerontology, 1983
Tested recognition memory for items and spatial location by varying picture and word stimuli across four slide quadrants. Results showed a pictorial superiority effect for item recognition and a greater ability to remember the spatial location of pictures versus words for both old and young adults (N=95). (WAS)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Aging (Individuals), Cognitive Style, College Students
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Bourne, Lyle E.; And Others – American Journal of Psychology, 1976
Investigates the prediction that the usual superiority of pictures over words for repetitions of the same items would disappear for items that were different instances of repeated categories. (Author/RK)
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Data Analysis, Discrimination Learning, Hypothesis Testing
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Cherry, Katie E.; Applegate, Heather; Reese, Celinda M. – Research in Developmental Disabilities, 2002
A study examined memory for pictures and words in 16 adults with mental retardation and 24 controls. Pictorial superiority effects occurred in free recall and recognition for both intelligence-level groups. Correlational analyses indicated working memory span was primarily related to recall performance, irrespective of stimulus format. (Contains…
Descriptors: Adults, Intelligence Differences, Memory, Mental Retardation
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Burton, John K.; Bruning, Roger H. – Contemporary Educational Psychology, 1982
Nouns were presented in triads as pictures, printed words, or spoken words and followed by various types of interference. Measures of short- and long-term memory were obtained. In short-term memory, pictorial superiority occurred with acoustic, and visual and acoustic, but not visual interference. Long-term memory showed superior recall for…
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Cognitive Processes, Higher Education, Imagery
Vollan, Clayton J. – 1972
A study was devised to determine whether, if color is found superior to black-and-white for communicating dynamic picture content, that superiority can be attributed to the realism of authentic color, or whether that superiority is the effect of the simple presence of color. A sample of 90 sixth grade students were shown slides, half of which…
Descriptors: Color, Intermode Differences, Motion, Perception
Bourne, Lyle E., Jr.; And Others – 1975
A well established finding in the discrimination learning literature is that pictures are learned more rapidly than their associated verbal labels. It was hypothesized in this study that the usual superiority of pictures over words in a discrimination list containing same-instance repetitions would disappear in a discrimination list containing…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, College Students, Discrimination Learning, Educational Research
Russell, Josiah Johnson, IV – 1970
A study was made of the comparative media effects upon teaching the component learning tasks of concept learning: classification, generalization, and application. The seven selected methods of presenting stimuli to the learners were: motion pictures with spoken verbal; motion pictures, silent; still pictures with spoken verbal; still pictures,…
Descriptors: Aural Learning, Communications, Concept Teaching, Films
Son, Jinok; Davie, William – 1986
A study examined the effects of visual-verbal redundancy and recaps on learning from television news. Two factors were used: redundancy between the visual and audio channels, and the presence or absence of a recap. Manipulation of these factors created four conditions: (1) redundant pictures and words plus recap, (2) redundant pictures and words…
Descriptors: Audiolingual Skills, Auditory Stimuli, Aural Learning, Cognitive Processes
Ghatala, Elizabeth S.; And Others – 1972
This study applied a frequency theory to measure the superiority of pictures over words in both discrimination learning and recognition memory tasks. Three groups of sixth grade students were given separate instructions before viewing slides of either common objects or words. The first group (control) was asked to study the items shown, the second…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Grade 6, Intermediate Grades, Learning Theories
Filan, Gary L.; Sullivan, Howard J. – 1982
The effectiveness of the use of self-reported imagery strategies on children's subsequent memory performance was studied, and the coding redundancy hypothesis that memory is facilitated by using an encoding procedure in both words and images was tested. The two levels of reported memory strategy (imagize, verbalize) were crossed with "think…
Descriptors: Child Development, Grade 2, Hypothesis Testing, Memory
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