ERIC Number: EJ1028237
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Relationship of Weight-Based Teasing and Adolescents' Psychological Well-Being and Physical Health
Greenleaf, Christy; Petrie, Trent A.; Martin, Scott B.
Journal of School Health, v84 n1 p49-55 Jan 2014
Background: To date, research has focused primarily on psychological correlates of weight-based teasing. In this study, we extended previous work by also examining physical health-related variables (eg, physical self-concept and physical fitness [PF]). Methods: Participants included 1419 middle school students (637 boys and 782 girls). Of these, 245 (17.3%) reported being teased about being overweight. Participants completed measures of self-esteem, depression, physical self-concept, physical activity (PA) self-efficacy, and self-report physical and sedentary activities. Participants also completed PF testing. Results: After controlling for demographic characteristics, participants who were teased about being overweight had higher scores on depression and lower scores on self-esteem, physical self-concept, PA self-efficacy, and health-related measures of PF in comparison to participants who were not teased. Conclusions: The results of this study support previous research indicating relationships between teasing and low levels of psychological well-being, physical self-concept, and PA self-efficacy, and establishes one between weight-based teasing and different types of PF. Research is needed to determine the potential causal nature of the relationships between teasing and fitness and evidence-based interventions are needed to reduce weight-based teasing and its potential effects on health and well-being.
Descriptors: Obesity, Bullying, Middle School Students, Physical Fitness, Student Attitudes, Self Esteem, Depression (Psychology), Self Concept, Physical Activities, Well Being, Measures (Individuals), Adolescent Attitudes, Physical Health
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A