ERIC Number: EJ931703
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
The Genetic and Environmental Covariation among Psychopathic Personality Traits, and Reactive and Proactive Aggression in Childhood
Bezdjian, Serena; Tuvblad, Catherine; Raine, Adrian; Baker, Laura A.
Child Development, v82 n4 p1267-1281 Jul-Aug 2011
The present study investigated the genetic and environmental covariance between psychopathic personality traits with reactive and proactive aggression in 9- to 10-year-old twins (N = 1,219). Psychopathic personality traits were assessed with the Child Psychopathy Scale (D. R. Lynam, 1997), while aggressive behaviors were assessed using the Reactive Proactive Questionnaire (A. Raine et al., 2006). Significant common genetic influences were found to be shared by psychopathic personality traits and aggressive behaviors using both caregiver (mainly mother) and child self-reports. Significant genetic and nonshared environmental influences specific to psychopathic personality traits and reactive and proactive aggression were also found, suggesting etiological independence among these phenotypes. Additionally, the genetic relation between psychopathic personality traits and aggression was significantly stronger for proactive than reactive aggression when using child self-reports.
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Aggression, Personality, Genetics, Environmental Influences, Early Childhood Education, Measurement Techniques, Children, Mothers, Caregivers, Responses, Twins, Etiology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A