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Showing 61 to 75 of 130 results Save | Export
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Edwards, Kari; Hippel, William von – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1995
In two experiments, affect-based and cognition-based attitudes toward a person were induced by varying sequence of affective and cognitive information presented to subjects while holding content constant. Results indicated affect-based attitudes were most effectively changed by affective persuasive appeals, whether these appeals were produced by…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Affective Measures, Attitudes, Beliefs
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Anderson, Craig A.; Morrow, Melissa – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1995
Extended and tested Deutsch's theory of competition effects. Predicted that people view competitive situations as inherently more aggressive than cooperative ones. Predicted that leading people to think of an aggressive situation in competitive terms would increase aggressive behavior. Increase of kill ratio occurred in absence of changes in…
Descriptors: Aggression, Behavior, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures
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Romero, Anna A.; And Others – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1996
In order to address criticisms raised against the cognitive mediation hypothesis, three experiments were conducted to develop a more direct test of the hypothesis. Taken together, the three experiments provide converging support for the cognitive mediation hypothesis, reconfirming the central role of cognition in the persuasion process.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, College Students, Higher Education, Hypothesis Testing
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Mayer, John D.; And Others – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1995
Presents new evidence that everyday mood does bring about a hypothesized effect on memory, termed mood-congruent memory (MCM). Results of three studies provided evidence for MCM among normal individuals (n=614). Findings support prior studies and bolster notions that mood and memory constantly covary in everyday experience. (RJM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Concurrent Validity, Correlation, Learning Processes
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Forgas, Joseph P. – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1995
Analyzed whether feelings have a disproportionate impact on the way people perceive and remember unusual, atypical people. The results of four experiments suggest that mood has a significantly greater influence on judgments when the targets do not fit a prototypical pattern, thus requiring more lengthy, extensive processing. (RJM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Correlation, Evaluative Thinking, Expectation
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Lippa, Richard – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1995
Studied three different criteria of within-sex, gender-related individual differences taken from three studies. Data showed that items displaying large sex differences tended also to correlate most strongly with independent gender-related criteria within the sexes. Discusses assessment implications for gender-related and other group-related…
Descriptors: Association (Psychology), Associative Learning, Behavior Development, Gender Issues
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Shepperd, James A.; And Others – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1995
Examined whether the apparent absence of an egocentric bias among shy individuals is reflected in their excuse making following poor performance and whether anticipating a challenge to one's excuses would dissuade even nonshy individuals from making excuses. Shy individuals refrained form making consistency-lowering excuses regardless of…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Bias, College Students, Communication Apprehension
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Feldman, Lisa A. – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1995
Researchers have emphasized the similarity of the semantic and self-report mood circumplexes. Study investigated systematic differences in theses structures. Demonstrated that when making judgments of their mood, people weigh the arousal dimension less than the valence dimension. Dimensions are weighed equally in semantic structure. (JBJ)
Descriptors: Anxiety, Arousal Patterns, Depression (Psychology), Emotional Response
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Rudman, Laurie A.; And Others – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1995
Embedded a context effect experiment in a structured telephone survey of renal transplant recipients. Results indicated that context effects interacted with the treatment adherence status of respondents such that noncompliant recipients were less susceptible to context manipulations. Respondents' characteristics as potential moderators of item…
Descriptors: Attitudes, Cognitive Processes, Compliance (Psychology), Context Effect
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Batson, C. Daniel; And Others – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1996
Two studies tested the prediction that prior experience with a need increases empathy for those experiencing that need. In study 1, subjects (n=48) reported feelings of empathy after observing a same-sex peer endure mild electric shocks. In study 2, subjects (n=88) reported feelings of empathy after reading a transcript describing a same-sex…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Coping, Emotional Development, Empathy
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Horneffer, Karen J.; Fincham, Frank D. – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1996
Compares attributional models presented in depression and marital literatures by examining simultaneously their prediction of depressive symptoms and marital distress with 150 married couples. Findings show that a model including paths from depressogenic and distress-maintaining marital attributions to both depressive symptoms and marital distress…
Descriptors: Affective Measures, Attribution Theory, Depression (Psychology), Goodness of Fit
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Hansen, Christine H.; Shantz, Cynthia A. – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1995
Demonstrated the emotion-specific priming effects of negatively valenced emotions (anger, sadness, and fear) in a divided attention task. Results indicated that a negative emotion displayed by a target that matched the emotion induced by a priming manipulation was significantly stronger than an incongruous priming manipulation and displayed…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Affective Measures, Anger, Association Measures
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Fabrigar, Leandre R.; Krosnick, Jon A. – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1995
Explores the possibility that importance may regulate the magnitude of the false consensus effect. Analysis revealed a strong false consensus effect but no reliable relation between its magnitude and attitude importance. Results contradict assumptions that the false consensus effect arises from attitudes that directly or indirectly influence…
Descriptors: Attitudes, Beliefs, Bias, Cognitive Processes
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Cota, Albert A.; And Others – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1995
Reviews the literature on unidimensional and multidimensional models of cohesion and describes cohesion as a multidimensional construct with primary and secondary dimensions. Found that primary dimensions described the cohesiveness of all or most types of groups, whereas secondary dimensions only described the cohesiveness of specific types of…
Descriptors: Cohort Analysis, Cooperation, Group Unity, Groups
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Stein, Richard I.; Nemeroff, Carol J. – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1995
Investigated whether eating healthy or unhealthy foods gives rise to moral judgments about the consumer. Subjects were presented one of four bogus profiles of a person, differing only in gender and foods consumed, and rated the target on morality. Results confirmed that food choices influenced the raters' moral judgments. (RJM)
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Attitudes, Criticism, Dietetics
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