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ERIC Number: EJ860009
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0743-5584
Adolescent Hopefulness in Tanzania: Street Youth, Former Street Youth, and School Youth
Nalkur, Priya G.
Journal of Adolescent Research, v24 n6 p668-690 2009
This study compares hope in street youth, former street youth, and school youth (aged 12-18) in Tanzania. Responding to Snyder's hope theory, the author argues that not only personal agency but also the stability of living context (street, shelter, home) shapes hopefulness. Employing qualitative and quantitative analyses, the author presents a framework that shows considerable differences by youth group in hope conceptualizations. Youth in unstable environments avoid hope to circumvent failure and instead attribute success to luck and other external factors, whereas youth in steadier environments rely on internal resources, seeing themselves as critical agents in engendering hopefulness. Taking youths' differing living contexts into account, the author proposes a contextual model of hope that consists of "hope instruments," "hope outcomes," and "pathways to hopefulness." (Contains 1 figure and 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tanzania