ERIC Number: EJ923288
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Personality as a Moderator of Context Effects on Academic Achievement
Hendriks, A. A. Jolijn; Kuyper, Hans; Lubbers, Miranda J.; Van der Werf, Margaretha P. C.
Journal of School Psychology, v49 n2 p217-248 Apr 2011
We investigated whether personality moderates group influence of classmates on academic achievement and whether these so-called context effects can be attributed to peer pressure. The sample consisted of 2498 students in their first year of Dutch secondary education. The data were analyzed by a two-level (students within classes) analysis, separately for boys (n=1033, in 92 classes) and girls (n=1465, in 119 classes). For both sexes, we found a context effect on Dutch language achievement but not on mathematics achievement. Emotional Stability appeared a moderator of this context effect but for girls only. The results suggest further that peer pressure is not a likely mechanism of group influence of classmates on academic achievement.
Descriptors: Context Effect, Indo European Languages, Mathematics Achievement, Academic Achievement, Personality Traits, Peer Influence, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Mental Health, Gender Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands