ERIC Number: EJ1114789
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Unequal Academic Achievement in High School: The Mediating Roles of Concerted Cultivation and Close Friends
Carolan, Brian V.
British Journal of Sociology of Education, v37 n7 p1034-1055 2016
Building from the classic Wisconsin model of status attainment, this study examines whether a specific style of parenting, concerted cultivation, and a close friend's school-related attitudes and behaviors mediate the relationship between a family's socioeconomic status and their child's academic achievement in the United States. Using a recursive path model on nationally representative panel data of high school students (N = 10,350), the results confirm a direct association between socioeconomic status and concerted cultivation. In addition, concerted cultivation and close friends are shown to mediate the relationship between a family's socioeconomic status and their child's academic achievement.
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, High School Students, Socioeconomic Status, Correlation, Friendship, Parenting Styles, Path Analysis, Family Characteristics, Factor Analysis, Peer Influence, Cultural Capital, Statistical Analysis, Grade 9, Grade 11, Mathematics Tests, Scores
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 9; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Grade 11
Authoring Institution: N/A