ERIC Number: EJ959164
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Childhood Anxiety/Withdrawal, Adolescent Parent-Child Attachment and Later Risk of Depression and Anxiety Disorder
Jakobsen, Ida Skytte; Horwood, L. John; Fergusson, David M.
Journal of Child and Family Studies, v21 n2 p303-310 Apr 2012
Previous research has shown that children with high levels of early anxiety/withdrawal are at increased risk of later anxiety and depression. It has also been found that positive parent-child attachment reduces the risk of these disorders. The aim of this paper was to examine the extent to which positive parent-child attachment acted to mitigate the risk of later internalising disorders amongst children with high levels of early anxiety/withdrawal using data from a 30-years longitudinal study of a New Zealand birth cohort. The findings of this study showed that: (a) increasing rates of early anxiety/withdrawal were associated with an increased risk of later anxiety and depression; (b) positive parent-child attachment in adolescence was associated with a decline in the risk of later anxiety and depression; and (c) these associations persisted even after controlling for confounding factors. The implications of these findings for the role of parent-child attachment in mitigating the adverse effects of early anxiety/withdrawal are discussed. It is concluded that positive parent-child attachment in adolescence may act as a compensatory factor which buffers the adverse effects of childhood anxiety/withdrawal on risks of developing later anxiety and depression.
Descriptors: Anxiety Disorders, Parent Role, Attachment Behavior, Children, Foreign Countries, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Risk, Withdrawal (Psychology), Longitudinal Studies, Correlation, Role
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand