ERIC Number: EJ1097227
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Identifying Learning Patterns of Children at Risk for Specific Reading Disability
Barbot, Baptiste; Krivulskaya, Suzanna; Hein, Sascha; Reich, Jodi; Thuma, Philip E.; Grigorenko, Elena L.
Developmental Science, v19 n3 p402-418 May 2016
Differences in learning patterns of vocabulary acquisition in children at risk (+SRD) and not at risk (-SRD) for Specific Reading Disability (SRD) were examined using a microdevelopmental paradigm applied to the multi-trial Foreign Language Learning Task (FLLT; Baddeley et al., 1995). The FLLT was administered to 905 children from rural Chitonga-speaking Zambia. A multi-group Latent Growth Curve Model (LGCM) was implemented to study interindividual differences in intraindividual change across trials. Results showed that the +SRD group recalled fewer words correctly in the first trial, learned at a slower rate during the subsequent trials, and demonstrated a more linear learning pattern compared to the -SRD group. This study illustrates the promise of LGCM applied to multi-trial learning tasks, by isolating three components of the learning process (initial recall, rate of learning, and functional pattern of learning). Implications of this microdevelopmental approach to SRD research in low-to-middle income countries are discussed.
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Disability Identification, Learning Processes, Vocabulary Development, At Risk Students, Children, Second Language Learning, Foreign Countries, Statistical Analysis, Individual Differences, Recall (Psychology), Comparative Analysis, Rural Areas
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Zambia
Grant or Contract Numbers: TW008274