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ERIC Number: EJ861700
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1472-9679
Seeking Resilience and Sustainability: Outdoor Education in Singapore
Martin, Peter; Ho, Susanna
Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, v9 n1 p79-92 Jun 2009
Outdoor education is not a universal value. Rather, outdoor education's contributions need to be grounded in time, place and culture. In this paper we describe the historical and cultural milieu that has enabled the emergence of outdoor education in Singapore and report on exploratory survey research into Singaporean teachers' conceptions of outdoor education. We compare the reported outcomes of outdoor education in Singapore to similar studies from Australia and New Zealand. Further focus group research is then used to develop a vision for outdoor education in Singapore. In so doing we aim to illustrate, and celebrate, how culturally-specific circumstances must be considered in both interpreting and conceptualizing outdoor education. We conclude that while personal development outcomes are important for Singaporean outdoor educators, these are developed more for the benefits of society and the State. The future role of outdoor education in Singapore will most probably continue to be linked to ongoing and emerging social and cultural imperatives such as harmony among diverse religious groups and environmental consequences of climate change. (Contains 7 notes and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; New Zealand; Singapore
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A