ERIC Number: EJ985784
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Status Configurations, Military Service and Higher Education
Wang, Lin; Elder, Glen H., Jr.; Spence, Naomi J.
Social Forces, v91 n2 p397-422 Dec 2012
The U.S. Armed Forces offer educational and training benefits as incentives for service. This study investigates the influence of status configurations on military enlistment and their link to greater educational opportunity. Three statuses (socioeconomic status of origin, cognitive ability and academic performance) have particular relevance for life course options. We hypothesize that young men with inconsistent statuses are more likely to enlist than men with consistent status profiles, and that military service improves access to college for certain configurations. Analyses of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) show (1) that several status configurations markedly increased the likelihood of military enlistment and (2) within status configurations, recruits were generally more likely to enroll in higher education than nonveterans, with associate degrees being more likely.
Descriptors: Armed Forces, Military Service, Socioeconomic Status, Cognitive Ability, Academic Achievement, Higher Education, Access to Education, Military Personnel, Males, Associate Degrees
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Two Year Colleges
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A