ERIC Number: EJ980357
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Graphic Organizers or Graphic Overviews? Presentation Order Effects with Computer-Based Text
Shaw, Shana; Nihalani, Priya; Mayrath, Michael; Robinson, Daniel H.
Educational Technology Research and Development, v60 n5 p807-820 Oct 2012
It has long been assumed that graphic organizers (GOs) should be presented to students following text as an organizer, rather than preceding text as an overview. Robinson et al. ("Educational Technology Research & Development," 51(4), 25-41, 2003) challenged this assumption by finding support for GOs as an overview. The present study further examined this issue by having 111 undergraduates view three GOs before (overview) or after (organizer) reading or listening to a narration of a 3,400-word text, followed by measures of retention and transfer. Students who received GOs as organizers transferred knowledge better than those who received GOs as overviews. Whether GOs should also be used as overviews, as prescribed by Robinson et al., is unclear and in need of further investigation.
Descriptors: Instructional Materials, Computer Uses in Education, Undergraduate Students, Retention (Psychology), Reading, Listening
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A