ERIC Number: EJ997401
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
The Etymology of Basic Concepts in the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Dinsmoor, James A.
Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, v82 n3 p311-316 Nov 2004
The origins of many of the basic concepts used in the experimental analysis of behavior can be traced to Pavlov's (1927/1960) discussion of unconditional and conditional reflexes in the dog, but often with substantial changes in meaning (e.g., stimulus, response, and reinforcement). Other terms were added by Skinner (1938/1991) to describe his data on the rate of lever pressing in the rat (e.g., operant conditioning, conditioned reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and response induction and differentiation) and key pecking in the pigeon (shaping). The concept of drive, however, has largely disappeared from the current literature.
Descriptors: Stimuli, Operant Conditioning, Etymology, Reinforcement, Behavioral Science Research, Animals, Animal Behavior, Food, Conditioning
Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Available from: Indiana University Department of Psychology. Bloomington, IN 47405. Tel: 812-334-0395; Fax: 812-855-4691; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://seab.envmed.rochester.edu/jeab/index.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A