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Brembs, Bjorn; de Ibarra, Natalie Hempel – Learning & Memory, 2006
We have used a genetically tractable model system, the fruit fly "Drosophila melanogaster" to study the interdependence between sensory processing and associative processing on learning performance. We investigated the influence of variations in the physical and predictive properties of color stimuli in several different operant-conditioning…
Descriptors: Stimulus Generalization, Stimuli, Discrimination Learning, Simulation
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Staats, Arthur W. – Behavior Analyst, 2006
The author of this article presents his own explanation on the two types of conditioning--respondent and operant. He states that when withdrawal of a negative reinforcer is the contingency that increases the strength of the operant behavior, the stimulus will have a negative emotional response to the experimental chamber. However, when a positive…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Negative Reinforcement, Positive Reinforcement, Stimuli
de Noronha, Mario – 1978
A case study of a learning disabled 8-year-old with behavior disturbancs is presented to highlight the use of operant conditioning in cutting down educational costs and easing the teacher's class management problems. (CL)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Problems, Case Studies, Learning Disabilities
May, Michael E.; Kennedy, Craig H. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2009
There is evidence suggesting aggression may be a positive reinforcer in many species. However, only a few studies have examined the characteristics of aggression as a positive reinforcer in mice. Four types of reinforcement schedules were examined in the current experiment using male Swiss CFW albino mice in a resident-intruder model of aggression…
Descriptors: Delay of Gratification, Positive Reinforcement, Psychological Patterns, Aggression
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Buskist, William; Miller, Erin; Ecott, Cheryl; Critchfield, Thomas S. – Teaching of Psychology, 1999
Offers an example of determining what the experts of psychology deem as essential concepts in their subfield by investigating the current principles in operant conditioning through surveys of the board of editors of the "Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior." Recommends concepts that are appropriate for up-to-date coverage of operant…
Descriptors: Editors, Educational Methods, Higher Education, Introductory Courses
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Brady, Kathleen; Garcia, Teressa – Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 2009
The purpose of this article is to describe theoretical and research bases for constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT), to discuss key features and variations in protocols currently in use with children, and to review the results of studies of efficacy. CIMT has been found to be an effective intervention for increasing functional use of the…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Operant Conditioning, Pathology, Therapy
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Oliver, Chris; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
In this case study, interactions were examined between features of Rett syndrome and operant conditioning as determinants of self-injurious behavior (SIB). Analysis suggested different functions for two forms of SIB: automatic reinforcement by sensory stimulation and escape from social interactions. Features of Rett syndrome tended to maximize the…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Behavior Patterns, Case Studies, Etiology
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Dinsmoor, James A. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2004
The origins of many of the basic concepts used in the experimental analysis of behavior can be traced to Pavlov's (1927/1960) discussion of unconditional and conditional reflexes in the dog, but often with substantial changes in meaning (e.g., stimulus, response, and reinforcement). Other terms were added by Skinner (1938/1991) to describe his…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Operant Conditioning, Etymology, Reinforcement
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Franklin, Diane E.; Taylor, Catherine L.; Hennessey, Neville W.; Beilby, Janet M. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2008
Background: Response-contingent time-out has been shown to be an effective technique for enhancing fluency in people who stutter. However, the factors that determine individual responsiveness to time-out are not well understood. Aims: The study investigated the effectiveness of using response-contingent time-out to reduce stuttering frequency in…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Operant Conditioning, Timeout, Severity (of Disability)
LaMarca, Kristen – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Dysfunction in the mirror neuron system has been proposed to underlie sociocognitive deficits of autism--such as imitation, empathy, and Theory of Mind, and has been linked with a deficient level of mu (8-13 Hz) suppression over the sensorimotor cortex during observed but not executed actions. Previous research has found that Neurofeedback…
Descriptors: Autism, Operant Conditioning, Medicine, Biofeedback
Frey, Sherman – 1972
A survey was conducted of 406 elementary, middle, and secondary school teachers to determine their understanding, acceptance, and use of the principle of operant conditioning. The treatment of data was by percent and chi square analysis primarily according to sex, experience, degree, and position. Subjects reported that a) they believed that the…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavioral Objectives, Behavioral Science Research, Conditioning
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Wolpaw, Jonathan R.; Chen, Xiang Yang – Learning & Memory, 2006
Operant conditioning of the H-reflex, the electrical analog of the spinal stretch reflex, is a simple model of skill acquisition and involves plasticity in the spinal cord. Previous work showed that the cerebellum is essential for down-conditioning the H-reflex. This study asks whether the cerebellum is also essential for maintaining…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Operant Conditioning, Human Body, Animals
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Swaddle, John P.; Johnson, Charles W. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2007
Small deviations from bilateral symmetry (fluctuating asymmetries) are cues to fitness differences in some animals. Therefore, researchers have considered whether animals use these small asymmetries as visual cues to determine appropriate behavioral responses (e.g., mate preferences). However, there have been few systematic studies of animals'…
Descriptors: Animals, Animal Behavior, Cues, Visual Discrimination
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Poling, Alan; Weetjens, Bart; Cox, Christophe; Beyene, Negussie W.; Bach, Harvard; Sully, Andrew – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2011
We used giant African pouched rats ("Cricetomys gambianus") as land mine-detection animals in Mozambique because they have an excellent sense of smell, weigh too little to activate mines, and are native to sub-Saharan Africa, and therefore are resistant to local parasites and diseases. In 2009 the rats searched 93,400 m[superscript 2] of…
Descriptors: Animals, Weapons, Operant Conditioning, Olfactory Perception
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Poling, Alan; Weetjens, Bart; Cox, Christophe; Beyene, Negussie W.; Bach, Harvard; Sully, Andrew – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2011
We used giant African pouched rats ("Cricetomys gambianus") as land mine-detection animals in Mozambique because they have an excellent sense of smell, weigh too little to activate mines, and are native to sub-Saharan Africa, and therefore are resistant to local parasites and diseases. In 2009 the rats searched 93,400 m[superscript 2] of…
Descriptors: Animals, Safety, Operant Conditioning, Foreign Countries
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