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Valente, Andre; Huang, Kuo-Hua; Portugues, Ruben; Engert, Florian – Learning & Memory, 2012
The performance of developing zebrafish in both classical and operant conditioning assays was tested with a particular focus on the emergence of these learning behaviors during development. Strategically positioned visual cues paired with electroshocks were used in two fully automated assays to investigate both learning paradigms. These allow the…
Descriptors: Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning, Learning, Animals
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Jurado-Parras, M. Teresa; Gruart, Agnes; Delgado-Garcia, Jose M. – Learning & Memory, 2012
The neural structures involved in ongoing appetitive and/or observational learning behaviors remain largely unknown. Operant conditioning and observational learning were evoked and recorded in a modified Skinner box provided with an on-line video recording system. Mice improved their acquisition of a simple operant conditioning task by…
Descriptors: Animals, Observational Learning, Brain, Stimulation
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Spira, Adam P.; Edelstein, Barry A. – Psychological Record, 2007
Behavioral interventions based on operant principles are commonly attempted to manage agitation in older adults with dementia. The extent to which operant conditioning can occur in persons with particular dementias, however, is unclear. The present study involved use of a button-pressing task to evaluate the sensitivity of the responding of older…
Descriptors: Alzheimers Disease, Diseases, Operant Conditioning, Older Adults
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Paulauskas, Roland – International Education Studies, 2013
Adult and juvenile offenders exhibit a number of cognitive distortions related to sexually offending behaviors. The latter may be attributed to their developmental deficiencies, the result of operant conditioning, psychological self-defense mechanisms and biases, influence of negative environmental factors or criminal subculture. A group of…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Antisocial Behavior, Adolescents, Adolescent Attitudes
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Ahmad, Anmol; Farrukh, Fizza – Teaching English with Technology, 2015
The utter importance of knowing the English language cannot be denied today. Despite the existence of traditional methods for teaching a language in schools, a big number of children are left without the requisite knowledge of English as a result of which they fail to compete in the modern world. With English being a Lingua Franca, more efforts…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods, Telecommunications
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Baxter, Douglas A.; Byrne, John H. – Learning & Memory, 2006
Feeding behavior of Aplysia provides an excellent model system for analyzing and comparing mechanisms underlying appetitive classical conditioning and reward operant conditioning. Behavioral protocols have been developed for both forms of associative learning, both of which increase the occurrence of biting following training. Because the neural…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Operant Conditioning, Classical Conditioning, Associative Learning
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Smith, Jemma; Hand, Linda; Dowrick, Peter W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
This study examined the efficacy of video self modeling (VSM) using feedforward, to teach various goals of a picture exchange communication system (PECS). The participants were two boys with autism and one man with Down syndrome. All three participants were non-verbal with no current functional system of communication; the two children had long…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Modeling (Psychology), Feedback (Response), Pictorial Stimuli
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Bihm, Elson M.; Gillaspy, J. Arthur, Jr.; Lammers, William J.; Huffman, Stephanie P. – Psychological Record, 2010
Psychology texts often cite the work of Marian and Keller Breland and their business, Animal Behavior Enterprises (ABE), to demonstrate operant conditioning and the "misbehavior of organisms" from an evolutionary perspective. Now available on the Internet at the official IQ Zoo website (http://www3.uca.edu/iqzoo/), the artifacts of ABE's work, in…
Descriptors: Operant Conditioning, Behavior Modification, Intelligence Quotient, Animal Behavior
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Pearson, John M.; Platt, Michael L. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2013
Foundational studies in decision making focused on behavior as the most accessible and reliable data on which to build theories of choice. More recent work, however, has incorporated neural data to provide insights unavailable from behavior alone. Among other contributions, these studies have validated reinforcement learning models by…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Cognitive Processes, Environmental Influences, Reinforcement
Pedrini, Bonnie C.; Pedrini, D. T. – 1972
The paper briefly explains operant conditioning as it pertains to special educators. Operant conditioning is thought to be an efficient method for modifying student behavior. Using the B. F. Skinner frame of reference, operant conditioning is said to include behavior modification and therapy, programed instruction, and computer assisted and…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Computer Assisted Instruction, Disadvantaged Youth, Exceptional Child Education
Dunn, John M.; French, Ron – Exceptional Education Quarterly, 1982
The usefulness of operant conditioning for the special physical educator in managing behavior problems is pointed out, and steps to follow in applying operant conditioning techniques are outlined. (SB)
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education
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Gupta, B. S. – British Journal of Psychology, 1976
The present investigation was designed to examine the relationship, if any, between extraversion and modes of reinforcement (reward or punishment) in verbal operant conditioning (VOC). (Author)
Descriptors: Charts, Locus of Control, Psychological Studies, Reinforcement
de Noronha, Mario – 1978
A case study of a learning disabled 8-year-old with behavior disturbancs is presented to highlight the use of operant conditioning in cutting down educational costs and easing the teacher's class management problems. (CL)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Problems, Case Studies, Learning Disabilities
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Neuringer, Allen; Jensen, Greg – Psychological Review, 2010
A behavior-based theory identified 2 characteristics of voluntary acts. The first, extensively explored in operant-conditioning experiments, is that voluntary responses produce the reinforcers that control them. This bidirectional relationship--in which reinforcer depends on response and response on reinforcer--demonstrates the functional nature…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Responses, Theories, Selection
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Lukas, Kristen E.; Marr, M. Jackson; Maple, Terry L. – Teaching of Psychology, 1998
Describes a partnership between Zoo Atlanta and the Georgia Institute of Technology in teaching the principles of operant conditioning to students in an experimental psychology class. Maintains that the positive training techniques used in zoos are models of applied operant conditioning. Includes a discussion of zoo training goals. (MJP)
Descriptors: Animal Caretakers, Behavior Modification, Classical Conditioning, Cognitive Psychology
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