ERIC Number: EJ768137
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
A Temporal-Specific and Transient cAMP Increase Characterizes Odorant Classical Conditioning
Cui, Wen; Smith, Andrew; Darby-King, Andrea; Harley, Carolyn W.; McLean, John H.
Learning & Memory, v14 n3 p126-133 Mar 2007
Increases in cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) are proposed to initiate learning in a wide variety of species. Here, we measure changes in cAMP in the olfactory bulb prior to, during, and following a classically conditioned odor preference trial in rat pups. Measurements were taken up to the point of maximal CREB phosphorylation in olfactory bulb mitral cells. Using both drug and natural unconditioned stimuli we found effective learning was associated with an increase in cAMP at the end of the conditioning trial, followed by a decrease 5 min later. This early timing of a transient cAMP increase occurred only when the odor was paired with an effective drug or natural unconditioned stimulus (US). The data support the hypothesis that the rate of adenylate cyclase activation is enhanced by pairing calcium and G-protein activation and that the timing of transient cAMP signaling is critical to the initiation of classical conditioning.
Descriptors: Classical Conditioning, Nonverbal Learning, Animals, Discrimination Learning, Biochemistry, Learning Processes, Microbiology
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. 500 Sunnyside Boulevard, Woodbury, NY 11797-2924. Tel: 800-843-4388; 516-367-8800; Fax: 516-422-4097; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.learnmem.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A