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Scott, Jessica C.; Henderson, Annette M. E. – Developmental Psychology, 2013
Object labels are valuable communicative tools because their meanings are shared among the members of a particular linguistic community. The current research was conducted to investigate whether 13-month-old infants appreciate that object labels should not be generalized across individuals who have been shown to speak different languages. Using a…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Experiments, Habituation
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Robertson, Natalie; Ohi, Sarah – Journal of Education and Learning, 2016
Speech and language disorders impede young children's abilities to communicate and are often associated with a number of behavioural problems arising in the preschool classroom. This paper reports a small-scale study that investigated 23 Australian educators' and 7 Speech Pathologists' experiences in working with three to five year old children…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Speech Impairments, Language Impairments, Models
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Mercure, Evelyne; Kushnerenko, Elena; Goldberg, Laura; Bowden-Howl, Harriet; Coulson, Kimberley; Johnson, Mark H; MacSweeney, Mairéad – Developmental Science, 2019
Infants as young as 2 months can integrate audio and visual aspects of speech articulation. A shift of attention from the eyes towards the mouth of talking faces occurs around 6 months of age in monolingual infants. However, it is unknown whether this pattern of attention during audiovisual speech processing is influenced by speech and language…
Descriptors: Infants, Bilingualism, Auditory Stimuli, Visual Stimuli
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Hindman, Annemarie H.; Wasik, Barbara A. – Early Child Development and Care, 2017
The current study examined whether Head Start children who experienced a high-quality preschool intervention, "Exceptional Coaching for Early Language and Literacy" ("ExCELL"), as three-year-olds began the subsequent pre-kindergarten (or four-year-old) year with stronger language and literacy skills than same-age peers who…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Emergent Literacy, Language Acquisition, Coaching (Performance)
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Finestack, Lizbeth H. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2014
Purpose: In the current study, the author aimed to determine whether 4- to 6-year-old typically developing children possess requisite problem-solving and language abilities to produce, generalize, and retain a novel verb inflection when taught using an explicit, deductive teaching procedure. Method: Study participants included a cross-sectional…
Descriptors: Young Children, Problem Solving, Language Skills, Verbs
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Miles, Kelly; Yuen, Ivan; Cox, Felicity; Demuth, Katherine – Journal of Child Language, 2016
English has a word-minimality requirement that all open-class lexical items must contain at least two moras of structure, forming a bimoraic foot (Hayes, 1995).Thus, a word with either a long vowel, or a short vowel and a coda consonant, satisfies this requirement. This raises the question of when and how young children might learn this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Language, English, Suprasegmentals
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Ranjbar, Nahid Amini; Narafshan, Mehry Haddad – Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 2016
In any teaching-learning situation, teacher plays a significant role in the classroom. This study aimed at investigating the students' attitude toward teachers' affective factors in EFL classrooms. In this study, the students' population was 300 pre-intermediate (based on the institutes' placement test) female EFL students (10 to 25 years old) in…
Descriptors: Affective Objectives, Teacher Behavior, English (Second Language), Class Activities
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Finestack, Lizbeth H. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2018
Purpose: Unlike traditional implicit approaches used to improve grammatical forms used by children with developmental language disorder, explicit instruction aims to make the learner consciously aware of the underlying language pattern. In this study, we compared the efficacy of an explicit approach to an implicit approach when teaching 3 novel…
Descriptors: Intervention, Teaching Methods, Grammar, Language Impairments
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Hoel, Trude – European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 2015
The article present parts of a research project where the aim is to investigate six- to seven-year-old children's language use in storytelling. The children's oral texts are based on the wordless picture book "Frog, Where Are You?" Which has been, and still remains, a frequent tool for collecting narratives from children. The Frog story…
Descriptors: Picture Books, Semiotics, Language Usage, Story Telling
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Verhagen, Josje; de Bree, Elise; Unsworth, Sharon – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
Although a bilingual advantage has been reported for various measures of cognitive control, most previous studies have looked at a limited range of cognitive control measures. Furthermore, they typically leave unaddressed whether positive effects of bilingualism hold for all bilinguals or whether these are modulated by differences in bilingual…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Language Usage, Language Proficiency, Cognitive Ability
Murphy, Carol – Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 2015
This paper presents a preliminary study of three six year-old children's use of functional language when engaging collaboratively on a mathematics task. The analysis is presented as an illustration of young children's authority and agency in mathematics as evidenced in their discourse. Modality, as a function of language, was seen to indicate…
Descriptors: Young Children, Mathematics Activities, Cooperative Learning, Language Usage
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Stockton, Richard J. – Arab World English Journal, 2020
The "Muqaddimah," a massive 14th century text by Arab historian Ibn Khaldun, while primarily a history, in the later chapters deals with linguistics and pedagogy. Multiple publications on what his work contributes to the field of education exist. But surprisingly, only two papers have appeared specific to teaching English to speakers of…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language), Global Approach
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Liu, Huei-Mei – Early Education and Development, 2014
Research Findings: I examined the long-term association between the lexical and acoustic features of maternal utterances during book reading and the language skills of infants and children. Maternal utterances were collected from 22 mother-child dyads in picture book-reading episodes when children were ages 6-12 months and 5 years. Two aspects of…
Descriptors: Mothers, Verbal Communication, Acoustics, Language Skills
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Thornton, Rosalind; Rombough, Kelly; Martin, Jasmine; Orton, Linda – First Language, 2016
This study used elicited production methodology to investigate the negative sentences that are produced by English-speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI). Negative sentences were elicited in contexts in which adults use the negative auxiliary verb doesn't (e.g., "It doesn't fit"). This form was targeted to see how…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Language Acquisition, Preschool Children, Matched Groups
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Poarch, Gregory J.; van Hell, Janet G. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2012
In five experiments, we examined cross-language activation during speech production in various groups of bilinguals and trilinguals who differed in nonnative language proficiency, language learning background, and age. In Experiments 1, 2, 3, and 5, German 5- to 8-year-old second language learners of English, German-English bilinguals,…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), German, Language Proficiency
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