ERIC Number: EJ1111343
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
A Characterization of Movement Skills in Obese Children with and without Prader-Willi Syndrome
Lam, Melanie Y.; Rubin, Daniela A.; Duran, Andrea T.; Chavoya, Frank A.; White, Elizabeth; Rose, Debra J.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v87 n3 p245-253 2016
Purpose: The aim of this study was twofold: (a) to measure and compare motor proficiency in obese children with Prader-Willi syndrome (OB-PWS) to that in obese children without PWS (OB), and (b) to compare motor proficiency in OB-PWS and OB to normative data. Method: Motor proficiency was measured using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Second Edition-Complete Form, a norm-referenced assessment of motor function. Participants were 18 OB-PWS and 44 OB (8 to 11 years of age). The scores on the 8 subtests and the total motor composite were used to compare OB-PWS and OB. Furthermore, the scores on the 4 motor-area composites were used to compare OB-PWS and OB against normative data. Results: OB-PWS scored significantly lower than OB across all 8 subtests. OB-PWS also had significantly lower motor proficiency scores on all motor-area composites when compared with the normative sample. OB-PWS most frequently (67%--83%) scored well below average on the gross motor subtests. Although not as high as on the gross motor subtests, this finding also held true for the fine motor subtests with 39% to 45% of OB-PWS scoring well below average. Conclusion: Motor proficiency is very poor in OB-PWS, in particular for gross motor skills. Physical, neurological, and developmental characteristics inherent to the syndrome may explain this low performance.
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Children, Obesity, Statistical Analysis, Genetic Disorders, Comparative Analysis, Performance Tests, Norm Referenced Tests, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Motor Development, Skill Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: US Army, Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency
Grant or Contract Numbers: W81XWH0910682|W81XWH1110765