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Kim, Hee Soon; Ham, Ok Kyung; Jang, Mi Na; Yun, Hyun Jung; Park, Jiyoung – Journal of School Nursing, 2014
The purpose of the study was to identify the economic differences in familial, physiological, psychological, and lifestyle characteristics associated with overweight and obese children in South Korea. A total of 407 overweight and obese children participated in the study. The obesity rate was 69.0% and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) was…
Descriptors: Obesity, At Risk Persons, Child Health, Economic Factors
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2012
In the past 30 years, the prevalence of obesity in children has increased to epidemic proportions. The obesity rate among children ages 2 to 5 has more than doubled (from 5 percent to 10.4 percent); more than quadrupled (from 4.2 to 17 percent) among children ages 6 to 11; and more than tripled among adolescents ages 12 to 19 (from 4.6 to 17.6…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Adolescents, Nutrition, Child Health
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De Marco, Allison C.; Zeisel, Susan; Odom, Samuel L. – Early Education and Development, 2015
Research Findings: In the past 20 years, obesity rates among U.S. children have skyrocketed. In fact, 15.4% of 2- to 4-year-olds in North Carolina, where this study takes place, are obese, making it the 5th worst obesity rate in the nation. Research indicates that young children in preschool settings largely engage in sedentary activities,…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Physical Activity Level, Child Care Centers, Obesity
Sen, Bisakha; Mennemeyer, Stephen; Gary, Lisa C. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2009
It has long been posited by scientists that we need to have a better understanding in the role that larger contextual factors -- like neighborhood quality and the built environment -- may have on the nation's obesity crisis. This paper explores whether maternal perceptions of neighborhood quality affect children's bodyweight outcomes, and whether…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Obesity, Whites, Family Income
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2012
The nation faces an obesity crisis, especially among low-income children and children of color. Today, nearly one-third of children and adolescents are overweight or obese, and physical inactivity is a leading cause of this epidemic. Equitable transportation policy that fosters healthy, opportunity-rich communities has a critical role to play in…
Descriptors: Transportation, Child Health, Obesity, Federal Legislation
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Ross, Susan M. – Quest, 2013
The "National Physical Activity Plan", as well as professional and government agencies (NASPE, 2008a; US Department of Health and Human Services, 2000) acknowledge pre-kindergarten (pre-K) children should be part of comprehensive school physical activity initiatives anchored in quality physical education programming. These…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Physical Activities, Physical Education Teachers, Physical Activity Level
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Green, Gregory; Reese, Shirley A. – Education, 2006
The greatest health risk facing children today is obesity. The prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has risen dramatically in the past several decades. Because children on the average spend up to five or six hours a day involved in sedentary activities, including excessive time watching television, using the computer and playing…
Descriptors: Video Games, Physical Education, Group Counseling, Children
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Lind, Catherine; Mirchandani, Gita G.; Castrucci, Brian C.; Chavez, Noel; Handler, Arden; Hoelscher, Deanna M. – Journal of School Health, 2012
Background: Childhood obesity is a national epidemic that disproportionately affects Hispanic children. Evidence suggests that increased acculturation among this population adversely affects diet and other healthy lifestyle characteristics, leading to higher rates of overweight and obesity. Healthy lifestyle characteristics must be understood in…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Health Behavior, Life Style, Hispanic American Students
Cawley, John; Frisvold, David; Meyerhoefer, Chad – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012
In response to the dramatic rise in childhood obesity, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and other organizations have advocated increasing the time that elementary school children spend in physical education (PE) classes. However, little is known about the effect of PE on child weight. This paper measures that effect by instrumenting for child…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Physical Education, Disease Control, Courses
Bridgman, Anne – Society for Research in Child Development, 2016
Most U.S. children (94%) have some form of health insurance coverage. While this is the highest rate in U.S. history, poor children still lag behind middle-income children. Serious infectious diseases (e.g., measles, diphtheria, meningitis) and severe malnutrition have declined or disappeared, and new treatments have improved life expectancy among…
Descriptors: Health Services, Child Development, Child Health, Public Policy
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Pyle, Sara A.; Sharkey, Jill; Yetter, Georgette; Felix, Erika; Furlong, Michael J.; Poston, W. S. Carlos – Psychology in the Schools, 2006
Obesity among children and adolescents is a major public health concern affecting the physical and emotional health of youth while increasing their risk of reduced quality and duration of life. Schools and communities have begun to galvanize to address this epidemic and need quality empirical information to guide their policy, programming, and…
Descriptors: School Psychologists, Public Health, Physical Activities, Obesity
Owen, Jenni, Ed.; Rosch, Joel, Ed.; Smith, Shannon, Ed. – Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University (NJ1), 2011
North Carolina Family Impact Seminars (NCFIS) include annual seminars, briefing reports and follow-up activities designed specifically for state policymakers, including legislators and legislative staff, the governor and executive branch staff, and state agency representatives. The Center for Child and Family Policy at Duke University convenes the…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Stakeholders, Child Care, Gardening
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Stewart, L.; Van de Ven, L.; Katsarou, V.; Rentziou, E.; Doran, M.; Jackson, P.; Reilly, J. J.; Wilson, D. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2009
Background: Obesity prevalence is unusually high among adults with intellectual disability (ID). There is limited and conflicting evidence on obesity prevalence among ambulatory children and adolescents with ID. The present study aimed to estimate obesity prevalence in this group and to compare with population prevalence. Methods: Survey of nine…
Descriptors: Obesity, Body Composition, Incidence, Mental Retardation
Mushi-Brunt, Christina; Haire-Joshu, Debra; Elliott, Michael; Brownson, Ross – American Journal of Health Education, 2007
Background: The prevalence of obesity among children continues to rise. Individual-focused health education efforts have been minimally successful in producing the necessary changes to curb this epidemic. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between neighborhood characteristics, grocery store availability and…
Descriptors: Eating Habits, Obesity, Preadolescents, Children
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Natale, Ruby; Page, Monica; Sanders, Lee – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2014
Obesity rates among preschool-aged children have doubled in the past 10 years, and 60% of these children spend the majority of their day in childcare facilities. Few studies have examined the quality of nutrition and physical activity practices in childcare centers as compared to family childcare homes. The purpose of this study is to determine if…
Descriptors: Child Care Centers, Preschool Children, Child Health, Obesity
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