ERIC Number: EJ1049096
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
The Role of Family and Community Involvement in the Development and Implementation of School Nutrition and Physical Activity Policy
Kehm, Rebecca; Davey, Cynthia S.; Nanney, Marilyn S.
Journal of School Health, v85 n2 p90-99 Feb 2015
Background: Although there are several evidence-based recommendations directed at improving nutrition and physical activity standards in schools, these guidelines have not been uniformly adopted throughout the United States. Consequently, research is needed to identify facilitators promoting schools to implement these recommendations. Therefore, this study analyzed the 2008 School Health Profiles Principal Survey (Profiles) to explore the role of family and community involvement in school nutrition and physical activity standards. Methods: Survey data on nutrition and physical activity policies, as well as family and community involvement, were available for 28 states, representing 6732 secondary schools. One-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA), 2-sample t-tests, Pearson's chi-square tests, and multiple logistic and linear regression models were employed in this analysis. Results: Family and community involvement were associated with schools more frequently utilizing healthy eating strategies and offering students healthier food options. Further, involvement was associated with greater support for physical education staff and more intramural sports opportunities for students. Conclusions: Though family and community involvement have the potential to have a positive influence on school nutrition and physical activity policies and practices, involvement remains low in schools. Increased efforts are needed to encourage collaboration among schools, families, and communities to ensure the highest health standards for all students.
Descriptors: Family Role, Community Involvement, Nutrition, Physical Activity Level, Regression (Statistics), Factor Analysis, Principals, Administrator Attitudes, Correlation, Physical Education, Team Sports, Eating Habits, Health Behavior, Family School Relationship, Health Promotion, Food, Surveys
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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