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ERIC Number: EJ1040405
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-1598-1037
Household Expenditures on Private Tutoring: Emerging Evidence from Malaysia
Kenayathulla, Husaina Banu
Asia Pacific Education Review, v14 n4 p629-644 Dec 2013
Private tutoring has been a burgeoning phenomenon in Malaysia for decades. This study examines the determinants of private tutoring expenditures in Malaysia using the 2004/2005 Household Expenditures Survey and applies hurdle regression models to the data. The results indicate that total household expenditures, household head's level of education, household head's gender, number of school-age children, and home ownership are important determinants of private tutoring expenditures in Malaysia. In comparison with Malay households, Chinese and Indian households have a higher likelihood of enrolling their children in private tutoring and spending on private tutoring. Indigenous households are less likely to spend for tutoring, but once their children are enrolled, they spend more than their Malay counterparts. Regional characteristics are also important determinants of private tutoring expenditures.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Malaysia