ERIC Number: EJ697610
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Executive Functioning in Normal Aging: A Study of Action Planning Using the Zoo Map Test
Allain, P.; Nicoleau, S.; Pinon, K.; Etcharry-Bouyx, F.; Barre, J.; Berrut, G.; Dubas, F.; Gall, D.L.
Brain and Cognition, v57 n1 p4-7 Feb 2005
A particularly important aspect of executive functioning involves the ability to form and carry out complex plans, that is to say planning. This study aimed to investigate planning in 18 older and 16 younger normal participants using an ecological planning subtask derived from the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome test battery, the ''Zoo Map Test.'' There are two trials. The first trial consists of a ''high demand'' version of the subtask in which the participants must plan in advance the order in which they will visit designated locations in a zoo (formulation level). In the second, or ''low demand'' version, the participant is simply required to follow a concrete externally imposed strategy to reach the locations to visit (execution level). The two-way ANOVAs mainly showed more difficulties in elderly adults than in younger adults, more difficulties in formulation level than in execution level, and lastly a greater difference between formulation and execution in older participants than in younger adults. These results suggest that elderly participants have some problems developing logical strategies whereas they are able to execute complex predetermined plans.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles
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