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ERIC Number: EJ996871
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1530-5058
Are Cross-National Differences in IQ Profiles Stable? A Comparison of Finnish and U.S. WAIS Norms
Roivainen, Eka
International Journal of Testing, v13 n2 p140-151 2013
To study the concept of national IQ profile, we compared U.S. and Finnish WAIS, WAIS-R, and WAIS III nonverbal and working memory subtest norms. The U.S. standardization samples had consistently higher scores on the Coding and Digit span subtests, while the Finnish samples had higher scores on the Block design subtest. No stable cross-national differences were found on the other nonverbal tests. It is hypothesized that linguistic, educational, and cultural factors underlie national IQ profiles. Some of these factors may be stable, leading to constant cross-national differences. The study of national IQ profiles may contribute to the validity of testing in smaller countries, where the adaptation of foreign, most often U.S., tests rarely includes national standardization. Furthermore, the results of the study implicate that the concept of national IQ is problematic. (Contains 2 tables.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale